"These are nothing but the names which ye have devised - ye and your
fathers - for which God has sent down no authority whatsoever. (Quran
The Books of the Bible are divided by the christians into two main parts
: The Old Testament and the New Testament.
The Books of the Old Testament are claimed to have been received through
prophets who was prior to Prophet Jesus, the Messiah. The books of the
new testament are believed to be written through inspiration after Jesus.
All the books of the Old and the New Testaments together are called the
Bible. Bible is the Greek word which means `book'. Both the testaments are
further subdivided into two parts. The first part of the Old testament is
beleived to be authentic by almost all the ancient Christians, while the
authenticity of the other part is held to be doubtful and controvertial.
THE FIRST DIVISION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
This Collction comprises of 38 books:
The Book of Genesis describes the crreation of the earth and the skies and
gives an historical account of the Prophets Adam, Noah, Abraham, Issac and
Joseph. The book ends with the death of Prophet Joseph. This is also
called the book of creation.
Exodus is mainly a description of the life of the Prophet Moses. It
includes the teaching of Moses, his altercations with Paraoh, Paraoh's
drowning in the sea and the Oral communication of the God with Moses. It
ends with the Israelites camping in the desert of Sinai. It is called
Exodus because it describes the event of Israelites exodus from Egypt.
Leviticus is a collection of Injunctions and laws given to the Israelites
during their wanderings in the desert of Sinai. It has 27 chapters.
The Book of Numbers includes events of the Census of the Israelites, their
history before the departure toCanaan and the injunctions of Prophet
Moses revealed to him by the bank of river Jordan. It contains 36
The Book of Deutronomy is a collection of those events and injunctions
which took place from after the period of the Book of Numbers to the death
of Moses. It contains 34 chapters.
The collection of these five books together is called the Pentateuch or
Torah. This is a hebrew word meaning "the law". The word is ocassionally
used to mean Old Testament in General.
6. THE BOOK OF JOSHUA
The Book of Joshua is ascribed to the Prophet Joshua who was the son of
the nun who was a reliable servant and minister of Moses. He made war on
the Amalekites and was victorious over them. The book describes his life,
upto the time of his death. It contains 24 chapters.
7. THE BOOK OF JUDGES
The Book of Judges covers the period after the death of the Joshua. The
period is called the period of Judges, because due to their transgression
and wickedness God set cruel, foreign kings over them to punish them
untill they returned to God and repented their sins. Then some leaders
were raised up among them and came to their rescue. These Israelite
leaders were known as judges. It has 21 chapters.
8. THE BOOK OF RUTH
The Book of Ruth describes the events in the life of a woman of Moab
called Ruth. She was the mothr of Obed, the Grandfather of David. She
migrated to Bethelhem and married Boaz. They bore a child Obed. His son
was Jesse who was the father of prophet David. It has only 4 chapters.
9. THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL
The first book of Samuel concerns the Prophet samuel who was the last of
the Judges of Israelites. Samuel was made the king of Israelites During
this period. It also Includes the killing of Goliath by David and other
incidents until the death of Samuel. It has 31 chapters.
10. THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL
The second book of Samuel describes the events after the death of Saul. It
includes the kingship of David and his war against the sons of Saul. It
has 24 chapters.
11. THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS
The first book of Kings begins with the old age of the David and includes
the events of his death, the reign of Prophet Solomon, his death and lives
of his sons untill the death of Ahab. The prophet Elijah's description is
also included. It has 22 chapters.
12. THE SECOND BOOK OF KINGS
The Second book of kings includes the events from the death of Ahab to the
reign of Zedikiah. The Prophets Elijah and Josiah are also mentioned. It
has 25 chapters.
13. CHRONICLES I
Chronicles I comprises genealogies from Adam to Solomon. It also includes
short historical accounts leading up, untill the time of david and gives
details of David's reign over the Israelites. It contains 36 chapters.
14. CHRONICLES II
Chronicles II describes Solomon's rule in detail and also gives a short
account of various kings after Solomon uptill the reign of zedikiah. The
invasion of Nebuchadnezzar is also covered at the end.
15. THE FIRST BOOK OF EZRA
Ezra I describes the reconstruction of Jerusalem by Cyrus the King of
persia after the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar. It also mentions the exile of
Ezra and the return of Israelites from Babylon to their homeland. It
contains 10 chapters.
16. THE SECOND BOOK OF EZRA
Ezra II is also called the Book of Nehemiah. Nehemiah was a cupbearer of
Artaxerxes the King of Persia. When he learnt aboiut the destruction of
Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, he sought the kings permissionand came to
Jerusalem. HE reconstructed it with the help of Ezra. This books describes
all the events and the names of all those who helped in rebuilding it.
These events took place in 445 BC. It contains 13 chapters.
17. THE BOOK OF JOB
The book of Job is said to be by prophet Job whose patience and
forebearance are also acknowledged and praised by the Holy Quran. He was
born in Uz, a city to the east of dead sea. The book mainly consists of
conversations between Job and his three friends Eliphaz the Temanite,
Bibdada the Shubite, Zopher the Na'amathite whoinsist that the calamities
of the Job are the result of his sins while Job refuses this. This book is
held to be of great Litreray merit. It contains 42 chapters.
18. THE BOOK OF PSALMS
The Book of Psalms is the corrupt form of the book of which Holy Quran
says, "We have Given the Zaboor (Psalms) to Dawood(David)." The book is a
collection of 150 Psalms, or songs of praise to God.
19. THE BOOK OF PROVERBS
The Book of Proverb is a collection of the exhortations and proverbs of
Prophet Solomon. The Christians claim that the book was compiled by
Solomon himself. King I says: "And he spoke three thousand proverbs."
(4:32). It contains 31 chapters.
20. THE BOOK OF ECCLESIATES.
The book of Ecclessiates is also called the "Book of Preacher". It is said
that the name of one of the sons of David was "the Preacher". It begins
with these words: "The words of the Preacher, the son of David." (1:1).
The book is a collections of exhortations and advices.
21. THE BOOK OF THE SONG OF SOLOMON
The Book of the song of Solomon is said to be a collection of songs which
were composed by Solomon of which the Book of the Kings says: "He spoke
three thousand proverbs and his songs were a thousand and five." It has
22. THE BOOK OF ISIAH
The Book of Isaiah is ascribed to the Prophet Isaiah, son of Amoz, who was
the adviser to Hezekiah, the king of Judah, in the 8th Century B.C. When
Sennacherib, the king of Assyria, invaded Jerusalem, Isiah was of great
help to Hezekiah. The book is a collection of visions and predictions of
future events. The Predictions according to Christians were made in the
reign of king Azariah, Jotham and Hezekiah. It has 66 chapters. The book
contains many passages which are of great literary merit.
23. THE BOOK OF JERMIAH
Jermiah was an apostle and pupil of the Prophet Isaiah. God made him a
prophet in the days of Joshua or Zedekiah. HE was sent to the Israelites
to prevent them from their preversion. He preached to the Israelites but
they did not listen to him. God revealed to him that the Israelites would
soon be subjected to a punsihment from God in the form of and invasion by
Nebuchadnezzar. Jermiah warned them and advised them to surrender, but
they mocked him. In the end Jerusalem was totally destroyed by
Nebuchadnezzar. The Prophet Jermiah migrated to Egypt. According to some
scholars the Holy Quran refers to this incident in Surah 2:259. It has
some 56 chapters.
24. THE BOOK OF LAMENTATIONS
The Book of Lamentations is a collection of songs of mourning which are
said to have been compiled by the Prophet Jermiah after the destruction of
Jerusalem by Nebucchadnezzar. It has only 5 chapters.
25. THE BOOK OF EZEKEIL
The Book of Ezekiel is claimed to be by Prophet Ezekeil, the son of Buzi.
He was the decendant of Levi, the son of Jacob. He fought bravely against
Nebuchadnezzar. This book is also said to be a collection of his
revealations which consists of predictions, exhortations and warnings to
people about God's judgement on them and about the coming fall and
destruction of Jerusalem.
26. THE BOOK OF DANIEL
The Prophet Daniel was among th wise people who were exiled from Judah and
were taken into captivity by the Nebuchadnezzar. The interpretation of
some dream of kings were made clear to him by revealations, and the king
made him governer of Babylon. It also includes the dream of prophet Daniel
regarding the future of Israelites. These dreams also contains a prophecy
regarding the advent of Jesus, the Messiah. It has 12 chapters.
27. THE BOOK OF HOSEA
Hosea was one of the prophets of the Israelites. He is said to live in the
period of Jotham, Azariah and Hezekiah, the kings of Judah. The book is
said to have been revealed to him during the period of their reigns. The
book consists mostly of his admonitions to the Israelites against their
perversion. His revealatins are mostly in the form of proverbs in symbolic
language. It onsists of 14 chapters.
28. THE BOOK OF JOEL
The Torah (Pentateuch) claims that Joel was a prophet of God. This book
which has only three chapters consists of his revealations and includes
injunctions about fasting and warnings against evil deeds of the
29. THE BOOK OF AMOS
Amos is also said to be a prophet. In the begining he was a sheoherd in
the city of Tekoa. HE was made a prophet by God in c. 783 B.C. The nine
chapters of this book are said to have been revealed to him in the reign
of King Azariah. This book comprises his adminitions to Israelites on
account of their evil deeds. This book also predicts the invasion of
Jerusalem by King of Assyria as a punishment from God, which is mentioned
in Genesis (29:15).
30. THE BOOK OF OBADIAH
This small scripture consists of only 21 verses and includes a dream of
Obadiah the Prophet. There are some predictions regarding the defeat of
Adom , the enemy of Judah.
31. THE BOOK OF JONAH
This book is said to have been revealed to the Prophet Jonah. HE was sent
to the people of Ninevah. The story given in Torah is a little different
from the one known by Muslims.
32. THE BOOK OF MICAH
This Book is said to be from Prophet Micah, the Morashite, who was the
Prophet in the period of the king Hezekiah c. 900 BC. He warned the
Israelites of God's wrath on account of their perversion. The king,
Hezekiah, acknowledged his prophethood and abstained from Evil deeds
33. THE BOOK OF NAHUM
Nahum is also regarded as a prophet by the Torah. Very little is known
about his lifetime. This book contains of three chapters, which describe
the dream of Nahum which includes predictions of the downfall of city of
34. THE BOOK OF HABAKKUK
Habakkuk is also claimed to be a prophet by Torah. We are not definite
about the period. The torah seems to put him in the period of
Nebuchadnezzar's invasion of Jerusalem. This books mentions one of the
dreams which adminishes the Israelites on their evil deeds and predicts
the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. It has 3 chapters.
35. THE BOOK OF ZEPHANIAH
Zephaniah is also supposed to be a prophet who was ordained by God to
Prophethood in the Period of Josiah, the son of Amon, king of Judah. This
script of 3 chapters warns the people of Israel against the invasion of
Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar.
36. THE BOOK OF HAGGAI
This Script of 2 chapters is attributed to prophet Haggai who lived in the
time of Darius, the king of Persia, in 500 B.C., after the invasion of
Nebuchadnezzar. He urged the Israelites to rebuild Jerusalem and warned
those who obstructed it.
37. THE BOOK OF ZECHARIAH
Zechariah was also a prophet. It should be noted that this Zechariah is
not the one mentioned in the Holy Quran. He is said to be a companion of
the Prophet Haggai at the time of rebuilding of the Jerusalem. This book
consists mostly of the dreams which include prophecies regarding the
future of the Israelites and the coming of Prophet Jesus. It has fourteen
38. THE BOOK OF MALACHI
The book of Malachi is attributed to the Prophet Malachi. He is the last
prophet of the Old Testament. The Book of 4 chapters describes the
thanklessness of the Israelites. The Prophet Malachi lived 420 years
before Prophet Jesus, the Messiah.
These thirty eight books are believd to be genuine and authentic by
alsmost all the christians. The Samaritans, however a sect of Jews,
believed in only seven of them, ie., the first five books and the Book of
Joshua, the son of Nun and the book of Judges. Their name refers to the
city of Samaria in Palestine. They differ from the Jews in two points, the
acknowledged number of Books and what constitutes a place of worship.
THE SECOND DIVISION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
There are nine books in this part. The authenticity of these books has
beena point of great controversy among Christians. The Protestant faith,
for instance, does not acknowledge the divine origin of these books, and
they have discarded from the bible. They do not form part of the King
James Version of the Bible. The collection of these nine books and other
five books together are called Apocrypha.
1. THE BOOK OF ESTHER
Esther was a Jewish woman who was among the captives from Jerusalem to
Babylon. Ahasuerus, the king of Persia, was unhappy with his first wife
and he married Esther. Aman, a minister of King had some differences with
Mardochaeus, the father of Queen Esther. He plotted to destroy Jews.
Esther convinced the king to combat this plot and saved the Jews. This
book describes this event in 10 chapters.
2. THE BOOK OF BARUCH
Baruch was a deciple and scribe of Prophet Jermiah (Jer. 32:13-36,
36:4-32, 43:3-16,45:1-3) The Protestant Bible does not include this book.
3. PART OF THE BOOK OF DANIEL
4. THE BOOK OF TOBIAS
Tobias was a Jew who had been taken to Assyria in the Period of Exile. The
book describes a dangerous journey made by him and his son. It also
includes the event of marriage with a strange woman named Sarah. This book
has great literary merit.
5. THE BOOK OF JUDITH
This book is ascribed to very brave Jewish woman named Judith. She saved
and delivered her people from the opression of the king of Assyria. It
also includes the story of her Love.
6. WISDOM OF SOLOMON
This book is ascribed to the Prophet Solomon. It contains wise sayings of
the Prophet and is similar in many ways to the Book of Proverbs.
This is a collection of preachings and exhortations. It is atributed to
Masiah, a preacher of 200 B.C. This book is also of great Litreray merit.
8. THE FIRST BOOK OF MACCABEES
This book describes the rebellion of the tribe of the Macabees.
9. THE SECOND BOOK OF MACABEES
This book describes the history of a short period of time and contains
some Unbelieveable and corrupt reports.
THE BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
THE FIRST DIVISION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
There are twenty books in the first part of the New Testament. These
twenty books are believed to be genuine and authentic by the Christians.
1. THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW
Matthew was one of the Twelve Disciples of the Prophet Jessus. This book
is considered to be one of the oldest gospels. The book begins with the
genealogy of Prophet Jesus and describes his life and teachings up untill
his ascension to the heavens.
2. THE GOSPEL OF MARK
Mark was a Pupil of Peter, the Disciple of Prophet Jesus. This gospel
begins with the prophecies made by previous Prophets regarding the coming
of Prophet Jesus. It describes the life of Jesus up until his ascension to
heaven. It consists of 16 chapters.
3. THE GOSPEL OF LUKE
Luke was a physician and was a companion of Paul and travelled with him on
the Journeys (Col. 4:14, Acts 16) He died in 70 AD. His Gospel begins with
the birth of the Prophet Jhon the Baptist (whose Quranic name is Yahya)
and covers the life of Jesus up untill his ascension to heaven. It has 24
4. THE GOSPEL OF JHON
This book also begins with the birth of John the Baptist and describes the
events from birth of Prophet John to the ascension of Prophet Jesus. It
consists of 21 chapters.
It should be noted here that John the son of Zebedee, the disciple of
Jesus is certainly not the author of the book. Some of the christians
claim that the author of this book may be John the Elder, but this claim
is also not supported by historical evidence.
These four books are also called the four Evangels. Sometimes the word
Evangel is also used for all the books of the new Testament. The word is
of Greek origin and means good tidings and teachings.
5. THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES
It is said that this script was written by Luke to Theopheus. It includes
the acts and acheivements of the disciples of the Prophet Jesus after his
ascension. It particularly describes the Journey of Paul untill his
arrival in Rome in 22 AD. It has 28 chapters.
6. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE ROMANS
This is a letter written by Paul to some of his Roman followers. Paul was
a Jew and an enemy of the followers of the Jesus in the beginning. Some
time after the ascension of Jesus to heaven he suddenly appeared and
claimed to have received instructions from Jesus.
7. FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE CORINTHIANS
This is Paul's first letter to Corinthians and it consists of mostly of
teachings and injunctions regarding unity among the Christians. At that
time they were involved in various disputes. Chapter 7 incldues some
injunctions concerning matrimonial relations. In chapter 8 the evils of
paganism and the Christians attitude towards the pagan society are
discussed. The last few chapters includes a discussion on atonement and
the Hereafter. Chapter 16 describes the blessings of almsgivings and
donations for christianity.
8. SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE CORINTHIANS
This letter is also written to the Corinthians by Paul and contains 16
chapters. These chapters includes religious instructions, guidance and
sugesstions regarding the discipline of the church. From chapter 10 to end
Paul speaks of his ministterial Journeys.
9. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE GALATIANS.
Galatia was a province of Rome in the North of Asia Minor. This letter was
written to the churches of Galatia in early 57 AD. Paul had heard that the
people of Galatia were being influenced by another religion. In this
letter he tries to prevent them from conversion.
10. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE EPHESIANS.
Ephesus was an important trading centre in Asia Minor. There was a great
house of worship to goddess Diana. Paul turned it into great centre of
Christianity in three years of great effort (Acts 10:19). In this letter
he gives some moral instructions to the people.
11. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE PHILLIPIANS
This letter of Paul is addressed to the people of Phillipi, a city of
macedonia. This is the first city in Europe where Paul preached
Chrisatianity. He was arrested there. This letter includes his moral
teachings and exhortations for unity among the Christians.
12. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE COLOSSIANS
This letter of Paul was written to the people of Colossae, a city in Asia
Minor. Paul is encouraging them to remain Christians and calls upon them
to abstain from evil deeds.
13. FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS
This letter of Paul is addressed to the people of Thessalonica, a city of
the province of Macedonia which is a part of Greece today. He discusses,
in this letter, the principles which bring about the God's pleasure. It
also speaks of other subjects. It has 5 chapters.
14. SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS
This letter, containing only 3 chapters, offers Paul's encouragement to
the Thessalonians on their good deeds and some instructions regarding the
15. FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TIMOTHY
Timothy was a pupil and disciple of Paul. (Acts 14: 17,16:1-3). Paul had
great trust and admiration for him (Cor. 16:10 and Phil. 2:19). This
letter contains descriptions regarding rituals and ethics.
16. SECOND EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TIMOTHY
This second letter to timothy speaks of certain people who had converted
to other religions and also includes instructions to timothy about
preaching and also some predictions of the last ags. It has 4 chapters.
17. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO TITUS.
Titus was also a companion of Paul on some of his journeys (Cal. 2:1).
Paul had great love for him (Cor. 2:13). Paul left him in Crete so that he
could preach there. This letter has 3 chapters and it gives preaching
instructions and details of the prerequisites of bishops.
18. EPISTLE OF PAUL TO PHILEMON
Philemon was also a companion of Paul amd had travelled with him. This
letter was written by Paul when he sent Onesimus to Philemon (Phil 1:10).
19. FIRST EPISTLE OF PETER
Peter was one of the closest apostles of Jesus. The study of the New
Testament shows that paul had some differences with him in the later
years. This letter was addressed to the Christians who were scattered
throughout the northern part of Asia Minor i.e., the people of Poutus,
Galatia, Cappadocia and Bithynia. The main purpose of the letter was to
encourage the readers who were facing persecution and suffering from their
20. FIRST LETTER OF JOHN
SECOND DIVISION OF NEW TESTAMENT
In this division of the New Testament there are seven books. The
genuineness and divinity of these books is doubted and debated by
christians. Some lines from the first letter of John are also not believed
to be Authentic.
21. THE EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE HEBREWS
The Jews are also called the Hebrews. The word has an association with
'Aber' a title given to the prophet Jacob. Hebrews is also used for
Christians. The letter was addressed to a group of christians who were on
the way of abondaning the Christian faith. The writer encourages them in
22. THE SECOND EPISTLE OF PETER
This letter from Peter is addressed to the early Christians. Its main
concern is to combat the work of false teachers and false prophets. It
also speaks of the final return of Messiah.
23. THE SECOND EPISTLE OF JOHN
The second letter of John was written by John to the "dear lady and her
children". According to the Christians the "Lady" probably stands for
24. THE THIRD EPISTLE OF JOHN
This letter is addressed to Gaius, one of the pupils of John and a church
leader. The writer praises the reader for his help to other christians,
and warns them against a man called Diotrephes.
25. THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF JAMES
This James is not the apostle James, the son of Zebedee and the Brother of
John. The writer James, the son of Joseph the carpenter. He is frequently
mentioned in the Book of Acts. The letter is a collection of practicul
instructions and empasizes the importance of actions guided by faith.
26. THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF JUDE.
Jude is a brother of the James who was one of the 12 apostles. He is
mentioned in John 14:22. The letter was written to warn against false
teachers who claimed to be believers. Jude is not Judas who betrayed
27. THE REVELATION
The Revelation of John is a collection of visions and revelations written
in symbolic language. Its main concern is to give its readers hope and
encouragement in their suffering for their faith.