According to Buddhist scriptures Buddhas gain victory over the Evil under the Bo-trees. The Buddha Gautama gained victory over Mara, the Satan, under Ficus Religiosa, at Bodh-Gaya.
We read in the Gospels that Jesus was tempted of the Devil for "40 days." (Luke. 4: 2) From the account given in Luke it is clear that Jesus did not gain victory over the Devil. The Devil only "departed from him for a season"(Luke. 4: 13) after the struggle, unconquered.
We now come to the last scene of struggle between Jesus and the Devil, Mara. Jesus says to his disciples a little before his death:-
"Hereafter I will not talk much with you, for Lhe prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me." (John. XIV.30)
According to Christian divines here Jesus calls Devil "THE PRINCE OF THIS WORLD."
To avoid the ambiguity I give the interpretation of this passage, quoted above, by the Right Rev. W. Walsham. How D. D.:-
"The whole passage is as follows: Satan cometh to put forth his strength against me, he cannot prevail against me, for he can find no sin in me. Nevertheless I shall suffer him to effect the death of my body in obedience to the will of the Father that I should die for the world, thus the whole world shall know that I love the Father." (The Four Gospels.)
If the above interpretation is correct this conclusion is apparent:-
In his final struggle Jesus could not gain victory over Satan, but suffered martyrdom, and Mara remained the prince of this world as he was before.
St. Paul writes thus of the Devil:-
(1) "the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not." (II. Cor. 4 4.)
(2) "the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience." (Eph. 2: 2.)
The victory of Mohammed, under the tree at Hodebeyya, is mentioned in the Koran:-
"Verily We have granted thee a manifest victory that God May forgive thee thy preceding and thy subsequent sin, and may complete His favour on thee and direct thee in the right way." (XLVII. pp. 492-3)
This passage of the Koran breathes of the same spirit as the following words of the Buddha Gautama:
"Here have I loosed myself from the concourse of sorrows and have cast away the burden of them." (Romantic History of Buddhu BeaI. p. 237.)
The victory of the prophet over Mara is very clearly mentioned in the Hadis literature:-
(1) The prophet. "Do not go to women when (their) husbands are absent, (and they are alone), for Satan moves in the veins (or blood) of every mortal" The companions. "In your, veins as well?" The prophet. "In my veins as well, but God's help has made me a conqueror over him, and he has submitted to me." (Ta. Vol. III. p. 91.)
(2) "Aisha relates:- The apostle of God said, 'With every man there is a Satan.' I said, 'Is there one with you also?' (He replied), 'With me also there is one, but God has made me victorious over him, and so he has submitted to me.........'" (Ta. Vol. V. p. 21. A. and N quoted.)
There is no evidence to show that Shankaracharya was a conqueror of Mara. We have shown that Jesus could not conquer Mara. Hence neither Jesus nor Shankaracharya can be the Buddha Maitreya. Mohammed is the Buddha Maitreya for he is the conqueror of Mara, the victory being gained under the tree at Hodebeyya.
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