Is USA a rogue nation?


IS THERE A US COMMITMENT TO INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION?

Rogue Nation - Richard Du Boff

http://www.nonviolence.org/vitw/Rogue.html

1. In December 2001, the United States officially withdrew from the 
1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty, gutting the landmark agreement-the first
time in the nuclear era that the US renounced a major arms control 
accord.

2. 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention ratified by 144 nations
including the United States. In July 2001 the US walked out of a London
conference to discuss a 1994 protocol designed to strengthen the
Convention by providing for
on-site inspections. At Geneva in November 2001, US Undersecretary of
State John Bolton stated that "the protocol
is dead," at the same time accusing Iraq, Iran, North Korea, Libya, 
Sudan, and Syria of violating the Convention but offering no specific 
allegations or supporting evidence.

3. UN Agreement to Curb the International Flow of Illicit Small Arms, 
July 2001: the US was the only nation to oppose it.

4. April 2001, the US was not reelected to the UN Human Rights 
Commission, after years of withholding dues to the UN (including current dues of 
$244 million)-and after having forced the UN to lower its share of the UN
budget from 25 to 22 percent. (In the Human Rights Commission, the US
stood virtually alone in opposing resolutions supporting lower-cost
access to HIV/AIDS drugs, acknowledging a basic human right to adequate
food, and calling for a moratorium on the death penalty.)

5. International Criminal Court (ICC) Treaty, to be set up in The Hague 
to try political leaders and military personnel charged with war crimes 
and crimes against humanity. Signed in Rome in July 1998, the Treaty was
approved by 120 countries, with 7 opposed (including the US). In 
October 2001 Great Britain became the 42nd nation to sign. In December 2001 the
US Senate again added an amendment to a military appropriations bill 
that would keep US military personnel from obeying
the jurisdiction of the proposed ICC. [In fact advocating use of force 
to "rescue" Americans charged with war crimes - RR]

6. Land Mine Treaty, banning land mines; signed in Ottawa in December 
1997 by 122 nations. The United States refused to sign, along with Russia,
China, India, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq, Vietnam, Egypt, and Turkey. 
President Clinton rejected the Treaty, claiming that mines were needed to protect
South Korea against North Korea's overwhelming military advantage." He
stated that the US would "eventually" comply, in 2006; this was 
disavowed by President Bush  in August 2001.

7. Kyoto Protocol of 1997, for controlling global warming: declared 
"dead" by President Bush in March 2001. In November 2001, the Bush 
administration shunned negotiations in Marrakech (Morocco) to revise the accord, 
mainly by watering it down in a vain attempt to gain US approval.

8. In May 2001, refused to meet with European Union nations to discuss,
even at lower levels of government, economic espionage and electronic
surveillance of phone calls, e-mail, and faxes (the US "Echelon" 
program).

9. Refused to participate in Organization for Economic Co-operation and
Development (OECD)-sponsored talks in Paris, May 2001, on ways to crack
down on off-shore and other tax and money-laundering havens.

10. Refused to join 123 nations pledged to ban the use and production 
of anti-personnel bombs and mines, February 2001.

11. September 2001: withdrew from International Conference on Racism,
bringing together 163 countries in Durban, South Africa

12. International Plan for Cleaner Energy: G-8 group of industrial 
nations (US, Canada, Japan, Russia, Germany, France, Italy, UK), July 2001: 
the US was the only one to oppose it.

13. Enforcing an illegal boycott of Cuba, now being made tighter. In 
the UN in October 2001, the General Assembly
passed a resolution, for the tenth consecutive year, calling for an end 
to the US embargo, by a vote of 167 to 3 (the US, Israel, and the Marshall
Islands in opposition).

14. Comprehensive [Nuclear] Test Ban Treaty. Signed by 164 nations and
ratified by 89 including France, Great Britain, and Russia; signed by
President Clinton in 1996 but rejected by the Senate in 1999. The US is
one of 13 nonratifiers among countries that have nuclear weapons or
nuclear power programs. In November 2001, the US forced a vote in the 
UN Committee on Disarmament and Security to demonstrate its opposition to 
the Test Ban Treaty.

15. In 1986 the International Court of Justice (The Hague) ruled that 
the US was in violation of international law for "unlawful use of force" in
Nicaragua, through its actions and those of its Contra proxy army. The 
US refused to recognize the Court's jurisdiction. A UN resolution calling 
for compliance with the Court's decision was approved 94-2 (US and Israel
voting no).

16. In 1984 the US quit UNESCO (UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization) and ceased its payments for UNESCO's budget, over the New
World Information and Communication Order (NWICO) project designed to
lessen world media dependence on the "big four" wire agencies (AP, UPI,
Agence France-Presse, Reuters). The US charged UNESCO with "curtailment 
of press freedom," as well as mismanagement and other faults, despite a 
148-1 in vote in favor of NWICO in the UN. UNESCO terminated NWICO in 1989; 
the US nonetheless refused to rejoin. In 1995 the Clinton
administration proposed rejoining; the move was blocked in Congress and
Clinton did not press the issue. In February 2000 the US finally paid 
some of its arrears to the UN but excluded UNESCO, which the US has not
rejoined.

17. Optional Protocol, 1989, to the UN's International Covenant on 
Civil and Political Rights, aimed at abolition of the death penalty and
containing a provision banning the execution of those under 18. The US 
has neither signed nor ratified and specifically exempts itself from the
latter provision, making it one of five countries that still execute
juveniles (with Saudi
Arabia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iran, Nigeria). China abolished 
the practice in 1997, Pakistan in 2000.

18. 1979 UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
against Women. The only countries that have signed but not ratified are
the US, Afghanistan, Sao Tome and Principe.

19. The US has signed but not ratified the 1989 UN Convention on the
Rights of the Child, which protects the economic and social rights of
children. The only other country not to ratify is Somalia, which has no
functioning government.

20. UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,
1966, covering a wide range of rights and monitored by the Committee on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. The US signed in 1977 but has not
ratified.

21. UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
Genocide, 1948. The US finally ratified in 1988, adding several
"reservations" to the effect that the US Constitution and the "advice 
and consent" of the Senate are required to judge whether any "acts in the
course of armed conflict" constitute genocide. The reservations are
rejected by Britain, Italy, Denmark, the Netherlands, Spain, Greece,
Mexico, Estonia, and others.

22. Is the status of "we're number one!" Rogue overcome by generous
foreign aid to given less fortunate countries? The three best aid
providers, measured by the foreign aid percentage of their gross 
domestic products, are Denmark (1.01%), Norway (0.91%), and the Netherlands 
(0.79), The three worst: USA (0.10%), UK (0.23%), Australia, Portugal, and 
Austria (all 0.26). 

rbd / 19 Dec 01






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