PROBLEMS WITH of the Torah


A while ago, a Muslim brother forwarded a message he found on a
Jewish net which attempted to prove the corruption of the Qur'an.
The post attempted to show that Muslims are command in the
Qur'an to kill all non-Muslims and FORCE them into Islam.  A
knowledgeable scholar of Islam, one who knows the context within
which each verse was revealed would be able to refute these claims
quite simply, however, I have decided that it is necessary to provide
Muslims with the weapons they need to counter such attacks in order
to not allow them to force us to always be on the defensive.  But
rather, be able to effectively launch an effective devastating
OFFENSIVE strike at them as well when they try such games.

First, a word of caution:  The information I am about to provide is to
be used to respond to them RESPECTFULLY and CALMLY.  A
person possessing the truth does not need arrogance.  Allah has
placed
us on this earth to guide mankind to His deen.  This includes the
Jews.  We should wish for them the same guidance we wish for
ourselves.  We should not be so quick to call for death and
destruction until all avenues of dawa and calm rational reasoning have
been exhausted.

Allah (SWT) says: "And argue not with the people of the book unless
it be in (a way) which is better (than mere arguing), except with such
of them that do wrong, and say (to them): 'We believe in that which
had been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and your
God is One, and to Him we have submitted (as Muslims)" Al-
Ankaboot(29):46.

The "people of the Book" includes Jews.  Remember that.  Even
though Allah (SWT) has told us of the hatred they hide in their
hearts, He has not command us to hate and kill every single Jew we
meet simply because he is a Jew.  We are better than that.  We serve a
higher purpose.  For this reason, I am going to provide a very
devastating argument against them in order to assist them in seeing
the
corruption of their forefathers and see how their God is even yet
trying to save them and guide them to Islam.  I cannot emphasize this
point enough, please be respectful and receptive.  Be willing to take
abuse and respond with kindness.  If one of them were to be guided, it
will be to your benefit.  It will take some time for you to read and
digest the following proof, but once you have done so, no Jew will
(inshallah, of course) ever be able to respond to you.

Note: Please forward this message to all Islamic nets you may have
access to so that they may benifit from it.
 

Now the proof:
-------------------------------------------------------------
Did mankind tamper with the Old Testament?:

"And because of their breaking their covenant, We have cursed them
and made hard their hearts. They change words from their places and
have abandoned a good part of the message that was sent to them.
And you will not cease to discover deceit in them, except a few of
them. But forgive them and overlook(their misdeed). Verily! Allah
loves the kindly".  The Qur'an, Al-Maidah(5):13.

"O Messenger!(Mohammad) Do no be grieved by those who vie with
one another in the race to disbelief, of such as say with their mouths:
"We believe" but their hearts believe not, and of the Jews: of them are
those who listen eagerly to lies -listener to others who have not come
to you. They change the words from their places; they say: If you are
given this then take it, but if you are not given this then beware! He
whom Allah dooms unto sin, you (by your efforts) will avail him
naught against Allah. Those are they for whom the will of Allah is that
He cleanse not their hearts; for them there is a disgrace in this world,
and in the Hereafter a great torment". The Qur'an, Al-Maidah(5):41.

The Jews have, from one generation to another, handed down their
Old Testament, as the faultless words of Moses (pbuh) and the
prophets.  The "Old testament" is made up of the "Torah" (Tawrat),
(which is also called "the Pentateuch"), and the "books of the
prophets".
The "Torah" consists of the first five books of the Old Testament.
They are believed by the Jews to have been written by Moses (pbuh).
These five books are: "Genesis", "Exodus", "Leviticus", "Numbers",
and "Deuteronomy".  After the Christians decided to incorporate the
Old Testament into their Bible, they began to study these books in
great detail..

For countless ages, the only book of history available to Christians
and Jews was the Old Testament.  When someone wanted to know
what happened in the past, they would go back and study the Old
Testament to find the answer.  New theories about history literally
lived and died by their conformance to what the Old Testament
taught.  Then the discrepancies began to be noticed.

Once mankind began to study the OT in detail, comparing the various
passages which referred to the same topic in order to obtain as much
detail as possible, they began to notice conflicting accounts of many
matters as well as other problems.  For instance, in the eleventh
century, it was noticed that the list of Edomite kings in Genesis 36
names kings who lived long after Moses was dead.  Then people
began to notice such statements as "to this day" something is true,
which implies that the author was looking back at these matters
through history and has seen that they have endured.

After this, it was noticed that in the beginning verses of the OT
manuscripts, Deuteronomy says: "These are the words that Moses
spoke to the children of Israel across the Jordan...".  They noticed
that the words "across the Jordan" refers to people who are on the
opposite side of the Jordan river to the author.  But the alleged
author, Moses himself, was never supposed to have been in Israel in
his life.

It was also noticed that Moses speaks in detail in Deuteronomy 34:5-
10 about how he died and where he was buried.  Moses also calls
himself the most humble man on earth in Numbers 12:3 (would the
most humble man on earth call himself the most humble man on
earth?).  In Deuteronomy 34:10 we read "And there arose not a
prophet since in Israel like unto Moses".  This also implies that the
author was looking back at Moses through history a long time after
Moses's death.  Now the flood gates were opened and countless other
discrepancies began to show up.

In the beginning, it was claimed that Moses wrote the Pentateuch
(Five "books of Moses") and anyone contesting this fact would be
severely punished or worse.  However, when these matters started to
become well known, it became necessary to find explanations.  For
example, the first explanation presented for the verses referring to the
death of Moses was that Moses (pbuh) had written his books, but that
later prophets, as well as "inspired" scribes (who could also be
considered prophets), had later on added on a couple of lines here and
there.  In this manner the text remained 100% the "inspiration" of
God.  This explanation, however, did not stand up to scrutiny because
the style and literary characteristics of the verses are the same
throughout.  For instance, the verses which describe the death and
burial of Moses exhibit the same literary characteristics as the verses
before and after them.  Thus, they must have been written by the same
person.

The Doublets:
----------------
After this, the trend became to explain any and all discrepancies
through abstractism and elaborate interpretations, or through the
introduction of additional narrative details that did not appear in the
biblical text.  Around this time, a startling new discovery was made.
It was noticed that the stories in the five books of Moses were made
up of doublets.  A doublet is a case of one story being told twice.
Even in the English translation of the Bible, the doublets are
noticeable.  These doublets have been masterfully intertwined so that
they become one narrative.

For example, there are doublets of the creation of the world, the
covenant between God and Abraham, the naming of Isaac, Abraham's
claim that his wife Sarah was his sister, the story of Jacob's journey to
Mesopotamia, Jacob's revelation at Beth-El,.......and on and on.  In
many cases these doublets actually contradict one another.  The
apologists once again jumped up with an explanation in hand.  They
claimed that the doublets were complementary and not contradictive.
It was claimed that they came to teach us a lesson by their "apparent"
contradiction.  However, this claim did not hold water for long.  The
reason is that not long after, it was discovered that when the doublets
were separated into two separate accounts, each account was almost
always consistent about the name of the deity that it used.  One would
always refer to God as Yahweh/Jehovah.  This document was called
"J".  The other always referred to Him as Elohim(God).  It was called
"E".  There were various other literary characteristics which were
then found to be common to one group or the other.  It became
obvious that someone had taken two separate accounts of the ministry
of Moses (pbuh), cut them up, and then woven them together quite
masterfully so that their actions would not be discovered until
countless centuries later.

Once this startling discovery was made, the Old Testament was once
again placed under the scrutiny of scholars and it was discovered that
the Pentateuch was not made up of two major source documents but
FOUR.  It was discovered that some stories were not only doublets,
but triplets.  Additional literary characteristics were identified for
these documents.  The third source was called P (for Priestly), and the
fourth D (for Deuteronomy).  In the end it was concluded that the
first four "books of Moses" were the result of the merging of three
separate accounts which were called J, E, and P, and the book of
Deuteronomy was found to be a separate account which was called
D.  The person (or persons) who collected and intertwined these
sources was called "The Redactor".  Let us have a look at an example
of these doublets from Genesis 6:5 to 8:22. The Jehovah(J) text is in
regular type, THE PRIESTLY(P) IN CAPITALS:

Genesis 6:
-------------
Genesis 6:5  And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in
the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was
only evil continually.
Genesis 6:6  And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the
earth, and it grieved him at his heart.
Genesis 6:7  And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have
created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the
creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have
made them.
Genesis 6:8  But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.
Genesis 6:9  THESE ARE THE GENERATIONS OF NOAH:
NOAH WAS A JUST MAN AND PERFECT IN HIS
GENERATIONS, AND NOAH WALKED WITH GOD.
Genesis 6:10  AND NOAH BEGAT THREE SONS, SHEM, HAM,
AND JAPHETH.
Genesis 6:11  THE EARTH ALSO WAS CORRUPT BEFORE
GOD, AND THE EARTH WAS FILLED WITH VIOLENCE.
Genesis 6:12  AND GOD LOOKED UPON THE EARTH, AND,
BEHOLD, IT WAS CORRUPT; FOR ALL FLESH HAD
CORRUPTED HIS WAY UPON THE EARTH.
Genesis 6:13  AND GOD SAID UNTO NOAH, THE END OF ALL
FLESH IS COME BEFORE ME; FOR THE EARTH IS FILLED
WITH VIOLENCE THROUGH THEM; AND, BEHOLD, I WILL
DESTROY THEM WITH THE EARTH.
Genesis 6:14  MAKE THEE AN ARK OF GOPHER WOOD;
ROOMS SHALT THOU MAKE IN THE ARK, AND SHALT
PITCH IT WITHIN AND WITHOUT WITH PITCH.
Genesis 6:15  AND THIS IS THE FASHION WHICH THOU
SHALT MAKE IT OF: THE LENGTH OF THE ARK SHALL BE
THREE HUNDRED CUBITS, THE BREADTH OF IT FIFTY
CUBITS, AND THE HEIGHT OF IT THIRTY CUBITS.
Genesis 6:16  A WINDOW SHALT THOU MAKE TO THE ARK,
AND IN A CUBIT SHALT THOU FINISH IT ABOVE; AND THE
DOOR OF THE ARK SHALT THOU SET IN THE SIDE
THEREOF; WITH LOWER, SECOND, AND THIRD STORIES
SHALT THOU MAKE IT.
Genesis 6:17  AND, BEHOLD, I, EVEN I, DO BRING A FLOOD
OF WATERS UPON THE EARTH, TO DESTROY ALL FLESH,
WHEREIN IS THE BREATH OF LIFE, FROM UNDER HEAVEN;
AND EVERY THING THAT IS IN THE EARTH SHALL DIE.
Genesis 6:18  BUT WITH THEE WILL I ESTABLISH MY
COVENANT; AND THOU SHALT COME INTO THE ARK,
THOU, AND THY SONS, AND THY WIFE, AND THY SONS'
WIVES WITH THEE.
Genesis 6:19  AND OF EVERY LIVING THING OF ALL FLESH,
TWO OF EVERY SORT SHALT THOU BRING INTO THE ARK,
TO KEEP THEM ALIVE WITH THEE; THEY SHALL BE MALE
AND FEMALE.
Genesis 6:20  OF FOWLS AFTER THEIR KIND, AND OF
CATTLE AFTER THEIR KIND, OF EVERY CREEPING THING
OF THE EARTH AFTER HIS KIND, TWO OF EVERY SORT
SHALL COME UNTO THEE, TO KEEP THEM ALIVE.
Genesis 6:21  AND TAKE THOU UNTO THEE OF ALL FOOD
THAT IS EATEN, AND THOU SHALT GATHER IT TO THEE;
AND IT SHALL BE FOR FOOD FOR THEE, AND FOR THEM.
Genesis 6:22  THUS DID NOAH; ACCORDING TO ALL THAT
GOD COMMANDED HIM, SO DID HE.

Genesis 7:
-------------
Genesis 7:1  And the Lord said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy
house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this
generation.
Genesis 7:2  Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens,
the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the
male and his female.
Genesis 7:3  Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the
female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth.
Genesis 7:4  For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the
earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I
have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.
Genesis 7:5  And Noah did according unto all that the Lord
commanded him.
Genesis 7:6  AND NOAH WAS SIX HUNDRED YEARS OLD
WHEN THE FLOOD OF WATERS WAS UPON THE EARTH.
Genesis 7:7  And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his
sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood.
Genesis 7:8  OF CLEAN BEASTS, AND OF BEASTS THAT ARE
NOT CLEAN, AND OF FOWLS, AND OF EVERY THING THAT
CREEPETH UPON THE EARTH,
Genesis 7:9  THERE WENT IN TWO AND TWO UNTO NOAH
INTO THE ARK, THE MALE AND THE FEMALE, AS GOD
HAD COMMANDED NOAH.
Genesis 7:10  And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of
the flood were upon the earth.
Genesis 7:11  IN THE SIX HUNDREDTH YEAR OF NOAH'S
LIFE, IN THE SECOND MONTH, THE SEVENTEENTH DAY OF
THE MONTH, THE SAME DAY WERE ALL THE FOUNTAINS
OF THE GREAT DEEP BROKEN UP, AND THE WINDOWS OF
HEAVEN WERE OPENED.
Genesis 7:12  And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty
nights.
Genesis 7:13  IN THE SELFSAME DAY ENTERED NOAH, AND
SHEM, AND HAM, AND JAPHETH, THE SONS OF NOAH, AND
NOAH'S WIFE, AND THE THREE WIVES OF HIS SONS WITH
THEM, INTO THE ARK;
Genesis 7:14  THEY, AND EVERY BEAST AFTER HIS KIND,
AND ALL THE CATTLE AFTER THEIR KIND, AND EVERY
CREEPING THING THAT CREEPETH UPON THE EARTH
AFTER HIS KIND, AND EVERY FOWL AFTER HIS KIND,
EVERY BIRD OF EVERY SORT.
Genesis 7:15  AND THEY WENT IN UNTO NOAH INTO THE
ARK, TWO AND TWO OF ALL FLESH, WHEREIN IS THE
BREATH OF LIFE.
Genesis 7:16  AND THEY THAT WENT IN, WENT IN MALE
AND FEMALE OF ALL FLESH, AS GOD HAD COMMANDED
HIM: and the Lord shut him in.
Genesis 7:17  And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the
waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the
earth.
Genesis 7:18  And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly
upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters.
Genesis 7:19  And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth;
and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were
covered.
Genesis 7:20  Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the
mountains were covered.
Genesis 7:21  AND ALL FLESH DIED THAT MOVED UPON
THE EARTH, BOTH OF FOWL, AND OF CATTLE, AND OF
BEAST, AND OF EVERY CREEPING THING THAT CREEPETH
UPON THE EARTH, AND EVERY MAN:
Genesis 7:22  All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that
was in the dry land, died.
Genesis 7:23  And every living substance was destroyed which was
upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping
things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the
earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in
the ark.
Genesis 7:24  AND THE WATERS PREVAILED UPON THE
EARTH AN HUNDRED AND FIFTY DAYS.
 

Genesis 8:
-------------
Genesis 8:1  AND GOD REMEMBERED NOAH, AND EVERY
LIVING THING, AND ALL THE CATTLE THAT WAS WITH
HIM IN THE ARK: AND GOD MADE A WIND TO PASS OVER
THE EARTH, AND THE WATERS ASSWAGED;
Genesis 8:2  THE FOUNTAINS ALSO OF THE DEEP AND THE
WINDOWS OF HEAVEN WERE STOPPED, and the rain from
heaven was restrained;
Genesis 8:3  And the waters returned from off the earth continually:
AND AFTER THE END OF THE HUNDRED AND FIFTY DAYS
THE WATERS WERE ABATED.
Genesis 8:4  AND THE ARK RESTED IN THE SEVENTH
MONTH, ON THE SEVENTEENTH DAY OF THE MONTH,
UPON THE MOUNTAINS OF ARARAT.
Genesis 8:5  AND THE WATERS DECREASED CONTINUALLY
UNTIL THE TENTH MONTH: IN THE TENTH MONTH, ON
THE FIRST DAY OF THE MONTH, WERE THE TOPS OF THE
MOUNTAINS SEEN.
Genesis 8:6  And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah
opened the window of the ark which he had made:
Genesis 8:7  AND HE SENT FORTH A RAVEN, WHICH WENT
FORTH TO AND FRO, UNTIL THE WATERS WERE DRIED UP
FROM OFF THE EARTH.
Genesis 8:8  Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters
were abated from off the face of the ground;
Genesis 8:9  But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and
she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of
the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled
her in unto him into the ark.
Genesis 8:10  And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent
forth the dove out of the ark;
Genesis 8:11  And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in
her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters
were abated from off the earth.
Genesis 8:12  And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the
dove; which returned not again unto him any more.
Genesis 8:13  AND IT CAME TO PASS IN THE SIX
HUNDREDTH AND FIRST YEAR, IN THE FIRST MONTH, THE
FIRST DAY OF THE MONTH, THE WATERS WERE DRIED UP
FROM OFF THE EARTH: and Noah removed the covering of the
ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.
Genesis 8:14  AND IN THE SECOND MONTH, ON THE SEVEN
AND TWENTIETH DAY OF THE MONTH, WAS THE EARTH
DRIED.
Genesis 8:15  AND GOD SPAKE UNTO NOAH, SAYING,
Genesis 8:16  GO FORTH OF THE ARK, THOU, AND THY WIFE,
AND THY SONS, AND THY SONS' WIVES WITH THEE.
Genesis 8:17  BRING FORTH WITH THEE EVERY LIVING
THING THAT IS WITH THEE, OF ALL FLESH, BOTH OF
FOWL, AND OF CATTLE, AND OF EVERY CREEPING THING
THAT CREEPETH UPON THE EARTH; THAT THEY MAY
BREED ABUNDANTLY IN THE EARTH, AND BE FRUITFUL,
AND MULTIPLY UPON THE EARTH.
Genesis 8:18  AND NOAH WENT FORTH, AND HIS SONS, AND
HIS WIFE, AND HIS SONS' WIVES WITH HIM:
Genesis 8:19  EVERY BEAST, EVERY CREEPING THING, AND
EVERY FOWL, AND WHATSOEVER CREEPETH UPON THE
EARTH, AFTER THEIR KINDS, WENT FORTH OUT OF THE
ARK.
Genesis 8:20  And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord; and took of
every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings
on the altar.
Genesis 8:21  And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said
in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake;
for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I
again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Genesis 8:22  While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and
cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not
cease

 Well known today:
-----------------------
All of this has become so firmly established in accepted scientific fact
that even Grolier's encyclopedia (Academic American encyclopedia)
now readily admits it.  Under the heading "Divisions of the Old
Testament" it states: "The Pentateuch is based on four principal
sources.  The oldest, J, was perhaps written in Judah, the southern
kingdom, about 950 BC.  Between 900 and 750, another version from
Israel, the northern kingdom, was woven in;  this is called EPHRAIM
(E). In the 7th century BC, Deuteronomy, or most of it (D), was
compiled.  About 550 BC, during the exile, the final edition of the
Torah added a priestly source (P), some parts of which are very old".
 

Mr. Richard Elliot Friedman is a professor on the faculty of the
University of California, San Diego. He earned his Doctorate in
Hebrew Bible at Harvard University.  He is one of many scholars who
have attempted to critically study these "source" documents of the
"five books of Moses" in order to arrive at the identity of the authors,
the time period when each was written, the motives for writing each
narrative, and other information.  In his book "Who wrote the Bible",
Prof. Friedman presents strong evidence that each "source document"
was written by a person or persons who, while on the face of it seem
to narrate the same stories, in actuality had distinctly different goals
they wished to achieve.

According to Mr. Friedman's research, each source emphasizes a
certain branch of the Jews, their nobility, birth right, and closeness to
God.  Sometimes at the price of other branches of the Jews.  For
instance, J was written by descendants of Judah, E came from
descendants of Israel, and P was written by a priest from the
descendants of Aaron.  According to Mr. Friedman, the P (Priestly)
source seems to be particularly interested in priests, their lineage, their
being the only ones who are allowed to sacrifice to God, the
importance of sacrifice to God, and the surprising absence of all
stories wherein anyone not of their lineage made a sacrifice that was
accepted by God (for instance the sacrifice of the sons of Adam is
missing from this narrative).  It also contains stories of how all those
who attempted to make sacrifices to God without the agency of an
Aaronid priest were killed by God.

The author goes on to show how in J and E we can find similar
emphasis on one tribe of the Jews over the other.  For instance, on
pages 64-65 he shows how both the J and E documents attempt to
give the birthright of Jacob to their own forefathers.  He also shows
how in the E version, Joseph is saved by his brother Ruben (the
firstborn of Israel), while in the J version it is Judah who saves him.
The author presents countless other proofs of these claims.

The JE texts emphasize the prophet (Moses).  They depict Aaron as
having fashioned the golden calf.  They also describe Aaron and his
sister Meriam as having criticized Moses and having been chastised by
God himself for this.  They regularly have God saying "and Yahweh
said unto Moses....".  The P document (written by Aaronid priests),
however, usually states: "and Yahweh said unto Moses and unto
Aaron.....".  In this document, the staff Moses used to perform his
miracles is called "Aaron's staff".  In the P document Aaron is also
named as the firstborn brother of Moses.  Also, as mentioned
previously, in the P text no mention is made of any sacrifices to God
whatsoever until the last chapter of Exodus wherein we find the story
of Aaron's sacrifice when he was consecrated as high priest.  After
that, all sacrifices are performed by Aaron and his sons.  In other
words, the author of P gives no precedence for sacrifice for anyone
other than an Aaronid priest.  There are even a couple of places in this
document which denigrate Moses (pbuh).  They depicts Moses (pbuh)
as sinning and Aaron suffering for Moses's sin.
 

The rest of the books of the Jews:
---------------------------------------
Well, what about the rest of the Old Testament?.  Are the remaining
books of the Old Testament known to have been preserved from
change since the time of their first writing and truly to be the words of
the claimed authors?.  No!.  Once again, Groliers encyclopedia tells
us: ".....Joshua tells of a thorough conquest of Canaan, but Judges
contains traditions of the Hebrew tribes in the period before the
monarchy that reveal the conquest as partial.  The books of Samuel
are about the founding of the monarchy under SAUL and David and
contain a magnificent early source for the life of David, probably
written about 961-22 BC. ALL THE ABOVE BOOKS HAVE BEEN
EXTENSIVELY EDITED BY WRITERS WHO SHARED THE
THEOLOGY OF THE D SOURCE".

There is much more which could be said about these matters,
however, we will leave it up to the interested student to obtain a copy
of Mr. Freidman's book and read his comments.  Fourteen hundred
years ago, back when it was a blasphemy of the highest order
punishable by death to dare allege that the claimed authors of the
Bible were not the true authors, e.g. that Moses (pbuh) did not write
the "books of Moses", the Qur'an was sent down upon Mohammad
(pbuh) by God almighty with the claim that "the people of the Book"
(Jews and Christians) had changed the book of God.  Mohammad
(pbuh) further claimed that he was sent with the true religion of God
which was sent down upon Moses and Jesus (peace be upon them
all).  The Jews and Christians responded that Muslims were ignorant
savages who had concocted their own religion by copying Judaism
and Christianity, and only an insane person would ever make such
allegations.  We invite the reader to judge for themselves who was
telling the truth.
 

The books of the Christians:
----------------------------------
Is all of this restricted to the Old Testament?.  No!.  Christian scholars
today call the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, the "Synoptic"
(One eyed) Gospels. This is because they all seem to have had access
to a common source document they were working from when they
wrote their Gospels.  This source document is called 'Q'.  Now they
are beginning to recognize that the alleged authors are not the true
authors (see chapters 3.1, and 3.2).  Similarly, countless verses of the
Gospel of John, as well as other historical discrepancies, also go to
show that John did not write the Gospel of John.  Some scholars are
now beginning to suspect that 'Q' may indeed be the Gospel of
Barnabas.  It is much larger than the others, by all measures it is an
authentic Gospel (see chapter 11), and it contains all of the stories
contained in these three Gospels without the contradictions found
therein.
 

"Of the Jews are those change words from their places and say: "We
hear (your words O Mohammad) and disobey; hear you as one who
hears not" and "give us concession" with a twist of their tongues and
as a mockery of religion(Islam). But if only they had said: "We hear
and we obey" and "Do make us understand" it would have been better
for them and more upright. But Allah has cursed them for their
disbelief, so they believe not, except a few".  The Qur'an, Al-
Nissa(4):46.

"Then woe to those who write the book (of God) with their own
hands and then say: 'This is from Allah', to traffic with it for a
miserable price.  Woe to them for what their hands do write and for
the gain they make thereby" The holy Qur'an Al-Bakarah(2):79

A different approach:
Specific contradictions in the books of the Jews:
---------------------------------------------------------
The following are pairs of verses which contradict one another in
the books of the Jews:

2 Samuel 8:4(7 HUNDRED horsemen)
1 Chronicles 18:4(7 THOUSAND horsemen)

1 Chronicles 21:12(THREE years famine)
2 Samuel 24:13(SEVEN years famine)

Deuteronomy 2:19 & Deuteronomy 2:37(Moses deprived land of
Ammon)
Joshua 13:24-25(Moses gives land of Ammon as inheritance)

2 Samuel 24:9(800,000+500,000)
1 Chronicles 21:5(1,100,000+470,000)

2 Chronicles 36:9(EIGHT years, three months +10 days)
2 Kings 24:8 (EIGHTEEN years, three months)

2 Samuel 10:18(700, 40,000 HORSEMEN)
1 Chronicles 19:18(7000, 40,000 FOOTMEN)

1 Kings 7:26(TWO thousand baths)
2 Chronicles 4:5(THREE thousand baths)

2 Samuel 6:23(Michal had NO children)
2 Samuel 21:8(Michal had FIVE sons)

Genesis6:3(mankind shall not live past 120 years)
Genesis 11:10-32 (500,438,433,464,...etc.)

2 Chronicles 9:25(4,000 stalls)
1 Kings 4:26(40,000 stalls)

Isaiah 40:28 (God does not FAINT nor WEARY)
Exodus 31:17 (God RESTED, and was REFRESHED.)

Genisis 1: (God creates Plants, THEN animals, THEN man and
woman.)
Genesis 2: (God creates man, THEN plants, THEN animals, THEN
woman)

Ezekiel 45 and Ezekiel 46 (DOCTRINES of offerings and sacrifices)
Numbers 28 and Numbers 29 (CONTRADICTORY DOCTRINES of
offerings and sacrifices)

1 Chronicles 8:29-38 (One list of NAMES)
1 Chronicles 9:35-44 (A CONTRADICTORY list of NAMES)

2 Samuel 5 and 2 Samuel 6 (David brought the ark AFTER fighting
the Philistines)
1 Samuel 13 and 1 Samuel 14 (David brought the ark BEFORE
fighting the Philistines)

Genesis 6:19-20 (Noah was to bring onto the ark "of EVERY living
thing of all flesh, TWO of EVERY sort shalt thou bring into the ark,
to keep them alive ....male and female....of fowls....of cattle....of every
creeping thing of the earth...").
Genesis 7:2-3 (Noah was to bring onto the ark "Of every CLEAN
beast thou shalt take to thee by SEVENS, the male and his female:
and of beasts that are NOT CLEAN by TWO, the male and his
female.  Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the
female...").

2 Samuel 8:1 ("David took METHEGAMMAH out of the hand of
the Philistines").
1 Chronicles 18:1 ("David...took GATH and her towns out of the
hand of the Philistines").

2 Samuel 8:8 ("And from BETAH, and from BEROTHAI, cities of
Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass").
1 Chronicles 18:8  ("Likewise from TIBHATH, and from CHUN,
cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass").

2 Samuel 8:10  ("Then Toi sent JORAM his son unto king David")
1 Chronicles 18:10  ("He sent HADORAM his son to king David")

2 Samuel 8:12  ("Of SYRIA, and of Moab, and of the children of
Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek").
1 Chronicles 18:11 ("from EDOM, and from Moab, and from the
children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.

2 Samuel 8:13  ("And David gat him a name when he returned from
smiting of the SYRIANS in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand
men").
1 Chronicles 18:13 ("And he put garrisons in EDOM; and all the
EDOMITES became David's servants").

2 Samuel 8:17  ("and SERAIAH was the scribe")
1 Chronicles 18:16 ("and SHAVSHA was scribe")

1 Kings 15:33-16:6 ("In the THIRD year of Asa king of Judah began
Baasha the son Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, TWENTY
FOUR years..... So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was BURIED
in Tirzah"). 3+24=27.
2 Chronicles 16:1  ("In the THIRTY SIXTH year of the reign of Asa,
Baasha king of Israel came up against Judah").  But he died in the
twenty seventh year!.  Was he resurected?.  So how did he invade
Judah 10 years after his death?.

Ezra 2:6 (2812)
Nehemiah 7:11 (2818)

Ezra 2:8 (945)
Nehemiah 7:13 (845)

Ezra 2:12 (1222)
Nehemiah 7:17 (2322)

Ezra 2:15 (454)
Nehemiah 7:20 (655)

Ezra 2:19 (223)
Nehemiah 7:22 (328)

Ezra 2:28 (223)
Nehemiah 7:32 (123)

Inshallah this information will prove useful to all Muslims.  Aameen
Your brother,
Misheal A. Al-Kadhi

CHRISTIANITY, JESUS- AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE
        ==============================================

        Christmas holidays come and go each year with a lot of shopping,
hustle and bustle, Santa Claus, Christmas trees, decorations and
lights. The Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus. In this
article, we will address the following questions relying mostly
on quotations from the Holy Quran:

 What are the origins of Christianity?
 Was Jesus born without a father?
 Is Jesus a son of God?
 Did Jesus speak as a baby?
 Was he crucified?
 

THE ORIGINS OF CHRISTIANITY
---------------------------
Historical facts reveal that Jesus did not use the word
Christianity. He and his followers used to worship in the temple
which other Israelites used. The message of Jesus was to call
people back to the religion of Abraham and Moses from which they
had gone astray. After the disappearance of Jesus, Paul declared
that belief in Jesus sufficed for salvation. The Jewish scholars
of that time called the followers of prophet Jesus the misguided
sect of Nazarene or Galilaens. In 43 C.E., when Paul and Barnabas
went to Antioch to preach, they were ridiculed and were called
Christians by the masses. The ones who were called Christians
felt that if they are being given a name in reference to Jesus,
there is nothing wrong in accepting it. A present day analogy may
be the case of Muslims being called Mohammedans in the West and
Muslims giving in to the name.
 

PAUL ALTERED THE MESSAGE
------------------------

      At the beginning, Paul was a staunch opponent of prophet
Jesus and remained so for many years after his ascension. When he
did join the followers of Jesus later on, he initiated many
alterations in the teachings of Jesus in hopes of winning over
the Gentiles (non-Jewish people). He introduced the following
concepts into Christianity:

1. the concept of Jesus as son of God;
2. Jesus died on the cross to wash eternal sins of Adam's
children through his blood; and
3. the Law of Torah was renounced. He eliminated all regulations
concerning food and abrogated the injunctions of circumcision.
   The real followers of Jesus opposed these blatant
misrepresentations of the message of Jesus. Their struggle to
reject the notion of Divinity of Jesus continued for about two
hundred years. Since these alterations were very appealing to the
Gentiles, the true believers were unable to stop the misguidance.
       In 325 C.E., a council of Christian leaders met at Nicaea
and officiated Paul's beliefs as their religion. Roman Empire
declared Paul's religion as the religion of the State and all
those books which denied these beliefs were banned. In 367 C.E.,
the State announced a list of books acceptable to it and fifteen
years later, a council held under the presidency of Pope Damasius
gave its approval to these books. At the end of the fifth
century, Pope Galasius published a list of unauthorized books
(Apocryphal) to further conform with Paul's religion of
Christianity.
 

JESUS BORN WITHOUT A FATHER
---------------------------
  The true story of Jesus' birth from Mary is told in the Holy
Quran. We are told that he was born without a father by the
command of God. Mary was single and a chaste woman.

21:91   And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed
into her of Our Spirit, and We made her and her son a Sign for
all peoples.

19:16   Relate in the Book (the story of) Mary, when she withdrew
from her family to a place in the East.
19:17   She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them: then
We sent to her Our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in
all respects.

19:18   She said: "I seek refuge from thee to (God) Most
Gracious: (come not near) if thou dost fear God."
19:19   He said: "Nay, I am only a messenger from thy Lord, (to
announce) to thee the gift of a holy son."
19:20   She said: "How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has
touched me, and I am not unchaste?"
19:21   He said: "So (it will be): thy Lord saith, `That is easy
for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a
Mercy from Us': it is a matter (so) decreed."
19:22   So she conceived him, and she retired with him to a
remote place.
19:23   And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a
palm-tree: she cried (in her anguish): "Ah! would that I had died
before this! Would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of
sight!"
19:24   But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the (palm-tree):
"Grieve not! for thy Lord hath provided a rivulet beneath thee;
19:25   "And shake towards thyself the trunk of the palm-tree: it
will let fall fresh ripe dates upon thee.
19:26   "So eat and drink and cool (thine) eyes.  And if thou
dost see any man, say, `I have vowed a fast to (God) Most
Gracious, and this day will I enter into no talk with any human
being.' "

JESUS SPOKE AS A BABY
---------------------

19:27   At length she brought the (babe) to her people, carrying
him (in her arms). They said: "O Mary! truly an amazing thing
hast thou brought!
19:28   "O sister of Aaron! thy father was not a man of evil, nor
thy mother a woman unchaste!"
19:29   But she pointed to the babe.  They said: "How can we talk
to one who is a child in the cradle?"
 19:30   He said: "I am indeed a servant of God: He hath given me
revelation and made me a prophet;
19:31   "And He hath made me Blessed wheresoever I be, and hath
enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live;
19:32   "(He) hath made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing
or miserable;
19:33   "So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I
die, and the Day that I shall be raised up to life (again)"!

19:34   Such (was) Jesus the son of Mary: (it is) a statement of
truth, about which they (vainly) dispute.

19:35   It is not befitting to (the majesty of) God that He
should beget a son.  Glory be to Him! When He determines a
matter, He only says to it, "Be," and it is.

19:36   Verily, God is my Lord and your Lord: Him therefore serve
ye: this is a Way that is straight.

19:37   But the sects differ among themselves: and woe to the
Unbelievers because of the (coming) Judgment of a momentous Day!
 

HE BEGETS NOT!
--------------

We note that the Holy Quran refers to Jesus as 'Jesus ibn
Maryam', i.e., Jesus son of Mary. It is in contrast to the common
usage in which children are referred to by their father's name
and not by their mother's name. He is not a son of God. The
following chapter from the Holy Quran explains the position of
Islam in absolute terms:

SAY: "God is Unique!!
God, the Source [of everything].
He has not fathered anyone
nor was He fathered, and there
is nothing comparable to Him!"
(Chapter 112)
 

JESUS WAS NOT CRUCIFIED
-----------------------
The Holy Quran also rejects the claim that Jesus was killed on
the cross.

4:157   That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the
son of Mary, the Apostle of God"; but they killed him not, nor
crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those
who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain)
knowledge, but only conjecture to follow for of a surety they
killed him not.
4:158   Nay, God raised him up unto Himself; and God is Exalted
in Power, Wise.
4:159   And there is none of the People of the Book but must
believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment He
will be a witness against them.

      Based on the statements of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.),
Muslims believe that Prophet Jesus will return to earth at a time
when Muslims will be in a dire need of a leader. He will not
initiate a new religion but rather obey the Holy Quran and the
teachings of Prophet Muhammad and lead Muslims to victory over
the disbelievers.

      We hope that this short essay will help our readers
understand the origins of Christianity and Islam's position on
Jesus. We encourage everyone to read the Holy Quran to obtain a
better understanding of Jesus and Islam. The Holy Quran also
gives a detailed account of the mission and lives of "Jewish"
prophets like Abraham and Moses. Altogether, twenty-five prophets
are mentioned by name in the Quran.

References:
1. Manual of Dawah for Islamic Workers, The Islamic Circle of
North America, 166-26 89th Avenue, Jamaica, NY 11432.
(718)657-4090
2. The Message, monthly magazine by ICNA, December 1993 issue is devoted
fully to the Christianity.





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