Dear scholars, As-Salamu `alaykum. Allah says in the Qur’an that He has sent the Messengers among human beings and the jinn but I want to know whether any Prophet came among the jinn also? Jazakum Allah khayran.
Wa `alaykum As-Salamu wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.
Dear brother in Islam, we would like to thank you for the great confidence you place in us, and we implore Allah Almighty to help us serve His cause and render our work for His Sake.
It is to be stated that both humans and the jinn are accountable before Allah on the Day of Judgment for their deeds. Among both of them there are those who obey Allah and submit to His Will and others who disobey Him. However, there is no proof that Allah has raised from among the jinn their own Prophets but what is inferred from the Qur’anic verses is that the Messengers to the jinn were from among humans.
In his response to the question in point, the eminent Muslim scholar, Sheikh Muhammad Al-Hanooti, member of the North American Fiqh Council, states:
“We have no Qur’anic verse or Hadith to the effect that Allah has raised Prophets or Messengers from among the Jinn. Here, I refer you to verse 130 of surat Al-An`am: “Oh you assembly of the jinn and humankind! Came there not unto you Messengers of your own…”
The Arabic language – the Qur’an’s language – as a rule of language, when combining humans and inanimate objects or non-human objects, addresses the humans. When you have males and females, the language addresses the males. In this verse, the jinn are added to mankind, but the Messengers are of men only.”
In this context, Sheikh `Atiyyah Saqr, former head of Al-Azhar Fatwa Committee, elaborates on this issue stating:
“The jinn are mukallafun (accountable for their deeds). There are many proofs to support this. Almighty Allah says: “And I (Allah) created not the jinn and humans, except they should worship Me (Alone).” (Adh-Dhariyat: 56) Such accountability would not have been in effect if Allah had not sent Messengers (to them) so that they may have no excuse in not believing in Him and following His Message. Almighty Allah says: “O ye assembly of the jinn and, humankind! Came there not unto you Messengers of your own who recounted unto you My tokens and warned you of the meeting of this your Day? They will say: We testify against ourselves.” (Al-An`am: 130)
Moreover, the following verses confirm that Allah have sent Messengers to the jinn:
“Say (O Muhammad): It is revealed unto me that a company of the Jinn gave ear, and they said: ‘Lo! it is a marvellous Qur’an, which guideth unto righteousness, so we believe in it and we ascribe unto our Lord no partner.” (Al-Jinn: 1-2)
“And when We inclined toward thee (Muhammad) certain of the Jinn, who wished to hear the Qur’an and, when they were in its presence, said: Give ear! and, when it was finished, turned back to their people, warning. They said: O our people! Lo! we have heard a Scripture which hath been revealed after Moses, confirming that which was before it, guiding unto the truth and a right road. O our people! respond to Allah's summoner and believe in Him. He will forgive you some of your sins and guard you from a painful doom. And whoso respondeth not to Allah's summoner he can nowise escape in the earth, and ye (can find) no protecting friends instead of Him. Such are in error manifest.” (Al-Ahqaf: 29-32)
Based upon this, it is clear that the Messengers to the jinn were from among humans. There is no evidence that Allah has raised any Prophet from among the jinn and revealed to Him a Message to convey to the jinn. Rather they used to listen to the human Messenger and they, in turn, convey what they hear from him to their own people as understood from the Qur’anic verses. What matters here is that they are accountable (like humans) whether the Messenger was from the jinn or humans.”
Allah Almighty knows best.