HISTORY OF MY PEOPLE
The Afghan Muslims of Guyana

by Raymond Chickrie
© Copyright February 2001
rchickrie@hotmail.com

Updated September 8th. 2001

Little is known about the Afghan Muslims of Guyana, in fact, some maybe amazed to learn that Afghans made their way to Guyana among the Indian Muslims. Many people of Afghan origin (Pathan) also migrated to Suriname. When Indian indentured labourers began arriving in Guyana in 1838, India was already conquered and assimilated by Persians, Central Asian Turks, Arabs, Afghans, Greeks, Hazaris, Baluchis, among other Muslim clans who settled in India's large cities. The dominant minority, the Muslims settled in large cities such as Ahmadabad, Allahabad, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Bihar, Ghazipur, Lucknow, and Hyderabad. These exotic people found great economic opportunities in India and they were encouraged to migrate to the Metropolis by the Mughal Emperors.

Naturally, the strong and fierce Afghans mostly from the Pathan clan settled in the northern plains of India. The modern districts of Bareilly, Muradabad and Badaun had strong Afghan Township where over 9,000 Afghans settled. Some Pathans migrated from Rohilkhand. Bareilly as a ruined city crowded with unemployed, restless Rohilla Pathans.

Many urban cities in Uttar Pradesh were experiencing economic stagnation and poverty. Naturally, this led to heavy migration overseas. Immigration records indicate that the majority of Muslims who migrated to Guyana and Suriname came from the urban centres of Uttar Pradesh: Agra, Ahllahbad, Bahraich Basti, Fyzabad, Gonda, Gorakpur, Ghazipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Muradabad, Rae-Bareilly, Rampur, and Sultanpur. Small batches also came from Karachi in Sind, Lahore, Multan and Rawalpindi in the Punjab, Hyderabad, in the Deccan, Srinagar in Kashmir, and Peshawar and Mardan in the Northwest Frontier (Afghan areas). Immigration certificates reveals major details of Muslim migrants.

Their origins such as District and villages, colour, height, and caste are all indicated. Under caste Muslims are identified as Musulman, Mosulman, Musulman, Musalman, Sheik Musulman, Mahomedaan, Sheik, Jolaba, Pattian, (Pathan), and Musulman (Pathan). Religion and caste identified many Muslims. From looking at their district of origin one can tell of their ethnicity, whether they were Sindis, Biharis, Punjabi, Pathans or Kashmiri. The physical profile on the Immigration Certificate also helps in recognizing their ethnicity. There are enormous spelling mistakes on the Immigration Certificates. Musulman, the Urdu world for Muslim is spelled many different ways and sometimes Muslims were referred to as Mahomedaan. Peshawar is spelled Peshaur and Nowsherra is Nachera, among many others.

Afghan Pathan clan also was among the indentured immigrants. Immigration Certificates clearly indicate under the category of "caste" Pathans, "Musulman Pathan" Pattan or Pattian. The fact that there were Pathans settlements in northern India explains this migration. Immigration Certificates further substantiate this. Pathans migrated from the Peshawar, Nowsherra, and Mardan from the Northwest Frontier as well as Kashmir. Some Pathans also came from Dholpur, Rajasthan. From Uttar Pradesh they migrated from Agra, Rae-Bareilly, Lucknow, Rohtak, Janhora, Jounpore, Gonda, Shahjahanpur, Barabanki, Delhi, among other cities in this provience. Pathans also migrated from Multan, Rawalpindi and Lahore in the Punjab. Again the spelling of districts, towns and villages varies. With considerable knowledge, the writer was able to recognize these places. A few places still remain an enigma. (See Immigration Certificates: Bottom)

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF THE AFGHANS

Pathans were always respected by the Mughals and were heavily patronized by Mughal Emperors in order to pacify them. The Afghans also acted as the buffer zone in the Northwest frontier; they kept invaders out of Mughal India. And in the nineteen and twentieth century they kept the Russians at bay. Without the support of the Pathans the Mughal Empire would not have lasted for as long as it did.

The Pathan, or Puktun, are a race of warriors who live primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They consist of about sixty tribes, each with its own territory. Although their origin is unclear, their legends say that they are the descendants of Afghana, grandson of King Saul. However, most scholars believe that they probably arose from ancient Aryans intermingling with subsequent invaders.

The people of Afghanistan form a mosaic of ethnic and linguistic groups. Pashto (Pashto) and Dari, a dialect of Persian (Farsi), are Indo-European languages; they are the official languages of the country. More than half of the population speaks Pashto, the language of the Pashtuns, while about half of the population speaks Dari, the language of the Tajiks, Hazaras, Chahar Aimaks, and Kizilbash peoples and other Indo-European languages, spoken by smaller groups, include Western Dardic (Nuristani or Kafiri), Baluchi, and a number of Indic and Pamiri languages spoken principally in isolated valleys in the northeast. Turkic languages, a subfamily of the Altaic languages, are spoken by the Uzbek and Turkmen peoples, the most recent settlers, who are related to peoples from the steppes of Central Asia. The Turkic languages are closely related; within Afghanistan they include Uzbek, Turkmen, and Kyrgyz, the last spoken by a small group in the extreme northeast.

The Afghans who came to Guyana were mostly Pathans and a few Hazaris. The Pathan comes from the wild west of Pakistan: the Northwest Frontier Province that borders Afghanistan. In his text, Warrior Race. Imran Khan writes, "physically the Pathan has more in common with the people of Central Asia than with those of the subcontinent. The fine, aquiline features, high check-bones and light skin reflect the Pathan's origins in Afghanistan and Turkey." (10).

Pathans from various areas such as South Waziristan, the Mahsuds and North Waziristan the Waziri differ in skin, hair and eye colour. Some are taller and fairer while some have green and blue eyes. "Many of the tribal elders dye their grey beards red with henna" (11). A practice that some elder Afghans kept in Guyana. Pathans are very competitive and determine, they show no fear. They are honest, dignified, and uncompromising in their promises. Money does not impress a Pathan. "It is the Pathan's sense of honour that makes him conduct himself with such dignity, and a fiercely independent spirit that makes even the poorest tribesman walk like a king" (12).

To understand the Afghans, one has to look carefully at their culture in context of their geographical landscape. Why are they so rebellious and difficult to conquer? Originating from Afghanistan, the Pathans are one of the greatest warrior races on earth, they have never been conquered. For centuries the Pathans have "existed by raiding, robbing and kidnapping" (15). But one has to understand the physical terrain of the Pathans. "In the mountainous terrain, hardly anything grows, and whatever is produced is insufficient to sustain the population of the area" (15). Sometimes it is difficult to sustain the family without raiding and kidnapping from the affluent lowlands to feed the family. "It is not the nature of such a proud race of people to resort to begging (15)." Consequently robbing and kidnapping became a means of survival.

The Pathans are the majority in Afghanistan. The British in 1893 created the Durand Line separating Afghanistan from India and "slicing right through the Pathan's territory" (16). The southern part of Afghanistan is predominantly Pathans. Due to tribal rivalries many Pathan tribes settled along the banks of the Indus, the Waziristan, and the Vale of Swat, Peshawar and between the Sutlej and Beas rivers. "There were Pathan settlements in Northern India in Hoshiarpur, Pathankot, near Lucknow, Rohailkand and many other areas" (17). This explains the presence of Afghans among the Indians who went to Guyana. Some Pathan tribes are the Yusufzai, Afridi, Niazis, Lodhis, Ghoris, Burkis, Waziri, Mahsud, Marwats and Khattaks.

A COMMON ANCESTRY

Pathans believe that they are all descended from a common ancestor, Qais. He is said to have met the Prophet Muhammad. The prophet gave Qais the name "Pthun, and Qais was to take Islam back to his home. One of Qais's sons was name Afghana, who had four sons. Every Pathan traces its descent from one of these four sons.

The first of these four Pathan branches is the Sarbani; this includes the largest Pathan tribe, the Yusufzai, which settled in Swat, as well as the Tarkalani, Mohmands and Muhammadzai. The second grouping is the Bitani. The Niazis, Ghilzais, Lodhis, Suris, Marwats, Lohanis, and Nuhranis belong to his group. The third branch is the Karlani, which includes some of the wildest tribes, such as the Mahsud, Waziri, Afridi, Orakzai, Dawar and Bangash.

CODE OF HONOUR

Pathan is a corrupted version for Pukhtun. This word means "backbone, hospitality, bravery and honour." The culture of the Pathan is based on the latter principles. "Which is enshrined in a code of honour known as Puktunwali, or the way of the Pathans"(33). According to Imran Khan, a Pathan is recognized by other Pathans not so much by racial characteristics as by his adherence to "Pukhtunwali." If he does not follow the code, he is not a Pathan. The wilder tribes adhere to the code more strictly.

Pushtunwali is followed religiously, and it includes the following practices: melmastia (hospitality and protection to every guest); nanawati (the right of a fugitive to seek refuge, and acceptance of his bona fide offer of peace); badal (the right of blood feuds or revenge); tureh (bravery); sabat (steadfastness); imamdari (righteousness); 'isteqamat (persistence); ghayrat (defense of property and honour); and mamus (defense of one's women).

Unlike Sindis, Punjabi or Gujratis, Pukhtunwali is closely linked to the spirit of Islamic justice and rejection of unfairness. It is not a coincidence that Pathans rose up against British injustice on the Sugar Plantations of Guyana. Khan writes, "The criterion by which a man is judged is not the amount of money he has but how honourable he and his family are." (33) A Pathan will go at length to maintain his honour. "Any slight to his honour has to be avenged-there is no question of turning the other check" (33). Revenge is taken only on male members of a family.

RELIGIOUS ZEAL

The majority of Pathans are Sunni Muslim. Islam came to them as a great liberating and unifying force. For this reason, their underlying faith and steadfast devotion to Islam is very strong. Pathans are staunch Muslim and will go at length to defend Islam. They practice Islam according to the Quran without deviation. No wonder why we see the Afghan in a prominent role in the history of Guyana. The building of the Queenstown Masjid was the brainchild of the Afghans.

AFGHANS AND THE QUEENSTOWN MASJID

An Afghan with a typical Afghan name, Gool (Gul) Mohammad Khan who was an indententured servant took, "the initiative" to build the Queenstown Jama Masjid. "The first Imaam of the Masjid was reported to have been Gool Mohammad Khan." Gool Mohammad Khan after serving his indenturedship returned to India. It is also reported that another Muslim bearing the name Jilani was the first Imaam. "The Jamaat compromised Muslims from India and Afghanistan; the latter apparently arrived in this country via India" (Centennial: 9).

Gool Mohammad Khan "persuaded" another Afghan, Goolam-uddin to "purchase the plot of land" for the building of a Masjid. Mr. Goolam-uddin lived on the property of the Masjid and was the caretaker of the property. This Afghan had a "dominant personality and kept a full beard coloured reddish brown with henna" (Centennial: 9). Like most Afghans, Goolam-uddin had a stern and "forceful nature", thus disputes rose among the Afghan and Indian Muslims. "Eventually around 1923-1924 the Indian members decided to leave the Masjid" (centennial: 9). However, the Afghan control of the Masjid lasted for only a few years because of their small number and remigration to India.

AFGHAN RESISTANCE

Mazar Khan's Story

Mazar Khan arrived in British Guiana in 1883 to work as an indentured labourer. He was sent to plantation Caledonian on the Essequibo Coast. His family was nostalgic for the past and in 1998 journeyed to Northern India to retrace this past. This expedition took them to a village of Somdutt in Meerut. This information was of course taken from his Immigration Certificate. After consultation at a mosque in Somdutt, they were taken to meet the oldest person in the village. With translation and the help of a few members of the mosque the "old man" was reached. With the greatest amazement, this old man, Hurma Khan who in 1998 was 110 years old is the son of Chand Khan who was the brother of Sujati Hassan Khan father of Mazar Khan.

In other words, Hurma Khan is the first-cousin of Mazar Khan.

It was then learnt that Mazahar Khan was a "freedom fighter" during the 1880's revolution against the British. Meerut holds a special place in Indian history as the place where the revolution started. In an attempt to retaliate, the British rounded up the "trouble makers" and sent them "kalla-paanie". The Khans have been known in history for their tenacity to resist tyranny and to fight for izzat, jaan or maal (honour, life and property) and wherever they went they uphold these values not only for themselves but also for all. While in the Guyanas, they advocated for Indians, Hindus, Pathans or Muslims.

The Rose Hall Uprising

The Rose Hall Sugar worker strike of 1913 saw Muslims resistant to indenturship. This is nothing new, the Pathans have resisted the British in India and some were sent to the Guyana and Suriname. Some Muslims who challenged the British bore the last name Khan, a typical Pathan (Afghan) name. Moula Bux, Jahangir Khan and Dildar Khan fit the profile of Pathan heritage. Three other Muslims were also involved Chotey (Young) Khan, Aladi, and Amirbaksh. According to Mangru in his text, Indenture and Abolition, "Moula Bux was nicknamed 'munshiji' (scribe or writer) was formerly an office worker in a jute factory in India" (86). Dildar Khan according to Mangru was recruited in Kanpur, India.

It would seem from the tenacity of these Khans who were involved in the Rose hall uprising that they fit the profile of the firebrand Pathans. Pathans never let tyranny to go unpunished. It is part of their "code of honour" to roots out injustice and defends the weak from exploitation. And this is exactly what the Pathans did in Guyana.

NOT ALL KHANS ARE PATHANS

The Pathans have played an important role in the history of their region. From their community came Muslim rulers, administrators, and soldiers. While many of them have moved out of the highlands in search of an easier life in the plains, their mountainous homeland continues to be their citadel of strength and freedom. Thus great number of Pathans migrated to India, but with the division of the subcontinent in 1947 most Pathans are now in areas control by Pakistan.

A well known Indian Muslim community is Pathan. The Pathans are Muslims who arrived from Afghanistan. They normally have their surname as Khan. Regardless of how far the Pathans travel "Puktunwali" is kept. The Pathans in India still have an image of being brave, honest and righteous. Many Indians who adopted Islam adopted the surname Khan and they claim that they are Pathans, which is not always true. , but a considerable amount of them live in northern India. Guyanese are very familiar with some Indian of Pathan heritage: Feroz Khan, Shahrukh Khan, Amjad Khan, Saif Ali Khan, Aamir Khan, and Salman Khan, among many others. Pathans claim many interesting stories of their origin.

Like some of the Khans of India, not all the Khans of Guyana are Pathans; many later converts to Islam adopted this noble title as their surname. The true Khans of the Pathan race are obvious because of their unique character and phenotype. In trying to research this subject, a few Guyanese Muslims have discussed with me their Pathan heritage. Their recollections are vague but not farfetched. However, there are Pathans not bearing the last name Khan who made it to the shores of Guyana and Suriname. One family traced their great grandfather to the Pakistan/Afghan border. In fact, this family had artifacts of this family member, by using his Pathan shalwar Kameez; thus they were able to trace the village from where he migrated. Many others with Pathan features spoke of their Pathan heritage but had limited facts to enrich their history. This has frustrated many of them who yearn to hold on to this heritage.

Naturally South Asian Muslims, the ancestors of the majority of Guyanese Muslims, are ethnically diverse. The coming of the Persians, Turks, Afghans, Arabs, Greeks, and Mongols to India added to the rich and exotic bloodline of South Asian Muslims, especially those of the north bordering Iran, Afghanistan and Kashmir. This interbreeding with the locals is evident in phenotype of the local Muslim population. Thus, Guyanese Muslims, decedent of Indo-Pakistanis Muslims come from a diverse racial background, which is evident in their phenotype

In physical appearance the Pathan has more in common with the people of Central Asia and the Caucasus region than with those of the subcontinent. They have fine aquiline features, high check-bones and light skin. This contrast greatly with Guyanese Muslims of Dravidian stock. The majority of Guyanese are of North Indian stock, while a small numbers are of Dravidian, southern stock. Much interbreeding is a common practice in Guyana. But a small number of Guyanese Muslims with percentage of Pathan blood is evident in their phenotype because of their length, light skin, alequine noise, amber to green eyes.

Many races came to Hindustan and settled; the invaders quickly became Indians and assimilated. Most Guyanese do not know that most Indian communities have a mixed ancestry. Indian roots derive from a mixed ancestry that includes the Proto-australoid, Paleo-mediterranean, Caucasian, Negroid, Mongoloid. The racial components that have gone into making the Indian peoples are the Aryan, Afghan, Greek, Hun, Arab, Turk, African, Mongol, and European. These have got so intertwined that none of them can be found in their pure form in India today.

HOW CAN YOU TRACE THIS HERITAGE FOOD/CLOTHING/LANGUAGE

Getting access to immigration records in the archives of Guyana is difficult if not impossible. Explanation is that the records are very fragile, yet no one is willing to invest the money to microfilm these important documents and have them available on line. With the help of the Dutch this was achieved in Suriname. Thus, the writer was able to access the Immigrations Certificates of indentured migrants to Suriname. Since the immigration patterns from British India to Guyana and Suriname was the same, I was able to substantiate my thesis of Pathans migration to the region. Hopefully, I will have access to the records in Guyana soon. But all of us can be rest assured that Afghans Muslims came to the shores of Guyana and Suriname and contributed greatly.

If one has access to his/her ancestor's immigration records it won't be difficult to ascertain if they were Pathans. The last name Khan is a major clue, but not always so, for many have also adopted this title. Besides vital statistics, the Immigration Certificate indicates district of origin as well as the Police station and the place where the immigrant was dropped off before heading to the port of Calcutta. For example:

Sex: M
Age: 26
Colour: Brown
Height: 1.7? (A number is missing)
Marks:
Nationality: British Indian
District: Pichaur (this is Peshawar, NWFP, now in Pakistan)
Police Post Mardain (Mardan, NWFP)
Drop off at: Balagli
Caste: Mosalman (Muslim)
Children : N (none)

Phenotype can also help in distinguishing, but not always the case. The fact that Muslims under the category of caste are identified as "Mosalman", "Musalman" or Mohammedan, etch also makes it harder. However many of them under the category of caste identified themselves as Pathans. This naturally leaves no doubt of their ethnicity. Another important clue that will help in identifying them as Pathans is the district in which they are from, but this in my opinion will work on if they are from, Peshawar, Mardan or Nowsherra which are districts in the North West Frontier Province (also know as the Afghan areas).

Pathans are meat lovers. Many were meat handlers in Guyana and some owned businesses in Georgetown. There was always, a mince mill in the home of the Pathans to grind meat for kofta kebab. They substituted the tandoor over for the local fireside in Guyana to cook their kebabs. The famous Firni pudding for desert was served on all auspicious occasions. Some Muslims call it Sirni and cooked it differently from the Pathans. The diet of the Pathan Afghan Guyanese was quite different from the Indian Muslims but eventually the authentic cuisine of the Afghans died as the sprinkle of Afghans interbred with non Afghan Muslims. Never could I forget my Grand Father's sister Haniffa (Khala) who always grounded meat to cook. Her looks, habits and diet in her home made her stand out amongst her Muslim brethren. During her lifetime she hardly set foot on the grounds of the plantation that her husband Ishaq Hussein managed for Amin and Ahmad Sankar.

The clothing of the Afghan Guyanese Muslims was quite different than that of the Muslim Indian. While the Muslim Indian men wore the Indian Shirt and Pajama, the Afghan wore the baggy Shalwar (pants) and Kameez (shirt). The Afghan prefers lose baggy wear; both males and females wore baggy modest clothing. Indian Muslims wore brighter colour clothing; while Afghan Muslims wore subtle colours.

The fact that scholars have not explored the history of Guyanese Muslims, not much is known about this subject much less the Afghans Muslims. However, my work on the subject I hope will stir interest, which I have already seen. While we know that Afghan Pathans speak Pashto, there is no evidence of Pashto or Persian written literature in neither Guyana nor Suriname. But there can be no doubt that Pastho was spoken by some of these Pathans especially those who migrated directly from the NWFP. And who knows, such literature may still exist today among families.

A SAMPLE OF SOME PATHANS WHO MADE THE JOURNEY


Nasiban, Mohamed Nasir
Relaties:* van ; van ; van


04-GESLACHT V
05-LEEFTIJD 20
16-HUIDSKLEUR
15-LENGTE
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Barabanki
22-POLITIEPOST Bahraich
23-DORP Bashirganj
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pattian
39-KINDGEGEVENS J
25-SCHIPNAAM Engels SS. Indus III
07-MONSTERNUMMER 693
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 10/27/1908
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 12/5/1908
36-PLANTER P.M.Nahar Beheerder van
37-PLANTAGE Plantage Katwijk
01-CODENR Kk/1533
28-BEGIN_CON 12/5/1908
29-EIND_CON 12/5/1913
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET MEMO-INFORMATIE

Abdul Rahman, Malahay Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van

04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 21
16-HUIDSKLEUR
15-LENGTE 1.58
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN moedervlekken rechterschouder
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Barabanki
22-POLITIEPOST Bhilsar
23-DORP Khetasewai
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Musulman (Pathan)
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Engels SS. Indus IV
07-MONSTERNUMMER 668
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 4/25/1914
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/4/1914

36-PLANTER L.M. Pos, beheerder van plantage Nieuw Meerzorg
37-PLANTAGE Plantage Nieuw Meerzorg
01-CODENR Qq/925
28-BEGIN_CON 6/4/1914
29-EIND_CON 6/4/1919
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE
----------------------------------------------------------
Abdulla, Intiazkh
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------

04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 18
16-HUIDSKLEUR
15-LENGTE 1.53
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Gonda
22-POLITIEPOST Utraula
23-DORP Bareya
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pathan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N


25-SCHIPNAAM Engels schip "Sutlej"
07-MONSTERNUMMER 142
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 1/15/1909
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 2/22/1909

36-PLANTER A.J.E. van der Feen, beheerder
37-PLANTAGE pl.Meerzorg
01-CODENR Ll/4
28-BEGIN_CON 2/22/1909
29-EIND_CON 2/22/1914
30-HERBEGIN 2/28/1916
31-HEREIND 2/28/1921
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET


MEMO-INFORMATIE

----------------------------------------------------------
Mahomed Raja Khan, Wozir Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 20
16-HUIDSKLEUR bruin
15-LENGTE 1.644
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Shasahanpur
22-POLITIEPOST Mirzapore
23-DORP Ban 19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pathan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Engels schip "Erne II" & Peshwa
07-MONSTERNUMMER 131
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 1/25/1894
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 4/14/1894

36-PLANTER Agenten der Nederl. Handel Maatschappij
37-PLANTAGE Pl.Marienburg en Zoelen(Ben. Commewijne)
01-CODENR W/251
28-BEGIN_CON 4/14/1894
29-EIND_CON 4/14/1899
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE
----------------------------------------------------------
Jamin Shaw, Modut Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 25
16-HUIDSKLEUR lichtbruin
15-LENGTE 1.756
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN geen
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Peshawar
22-POLITIEPOST Moteekundan
23-DORP Shawajgunah
19-BEROEP veld of fabriekarbeid
18-KASTE Mahomedaan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Engels schip "Clive"
07-MONSTERNUMMER 44
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 7/4/1877
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 8/29/1877

36-PLANTER W.G.H.Barnet Lyon prive 299
37-PLANTAGE Pl.Jagtlust(Ben Sur)
01-CODENR F/156
28-BEGIN_CON 8/30/1877
29-EIND_CON 8/30/1882
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS vertr
38-VERZET


MEMO-INFORMATIE Vertrokken naar Calcutta per Ss Kilda op
30 oct 1879. Vw.c. 
zie c.dd 1877 te Calcutta gesl.

at contractnumber X/157.
----------------------------------------------------------
Lalkhan, Hasankhan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 22
16-HUIDSKLEUR licht pokdalig
15-LENGTE 1.6
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Gonda
22-POLITIEPOST Srinagar 
23-DORP Dammankhan Kapurwa
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pathan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Ganges
07-MONSTERNUMMER 115
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 6/5/1908
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 7/18/1908

36-PLANTER Pieter Alexander May, gemachtigde van F.R.Folmer, beheerder
37-PLANTAGE Plantage Jagtlust
01-CODENR Kk/971
28-BEGIN_CON 7/18/1908
29-EIND_CON 7/18/1913
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38- VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE
----------------------------------------------------------
Mahammud, Maola Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 20
16-HUIDSKLEUR
15-LENGTE 1.68
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN 2 moedervlekjes op rechterschouder
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Jounpore
22-POLITIEPOST Machlisahar
23-DORP Mirpur
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pathan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Engels SS. Indus IV
07-MONSTERNUMMER 180
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 4/25/1914
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/4/1914


36-PLANTER J.Lawtan, beheerder van plantage de Vrede.
37-PLANTAGE Pl. De Vrede
01-CODENR Qq/1502
28-BEGIN_CON 6/4/1914
29-EIND_CON 6/4/1919
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

Bij vonnis v/h H.v.J. dd. 11.9.1929 No.41 veroordeeld tot 9 maanden gev.straf met openb.tewerkstelling wegens heling.


MEMO-INFORMATIE
----------------------------------------------------------
Gulamjan, Saith Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
------------------------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 19
16-HUIDSKLEUR
15-LENGTE 1.63
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN pokdalig; moedervl. R borst
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Peshaur
22-POLITIEPOST Nachera
23-DORP Nachera
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Mosulman
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Engels schip Sutlej III
07-MONSTERNUMMER 62
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 11/27/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 1/7/1914


36-PLANTER T.Folmer Beheerder
37-PLANTAGE Pl. Jagtlust
01-CODENR Qq/98
28-BEGIN_CON 1/7/1914
29-EIND_CON 1/7/1919
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE

C.V.O. afgegeven 23-1-1919 no 43. Premie ontvangen uit Immigr.fonds, zie akte D.C. van Ben.Com. d.d. 5/4/1919. Bij besch. van 17-1-1921 no 71 in huur afgestaan perceel no...
----------------------------------------------------------
Jandaz, Mirali
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 22
16-HUIDSKLEUR
15-LENGTE 1.67
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN litt.rechter scheenbeen,grijze ogen
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Peshaur
22-POLITIEPOST Peshaur
23-DORP Peshaur
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Musulman
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Engels schip Sutlej III
07-MONSTERNUMMER 614
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 11/27/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 1/7/1914

36-PLANTER T.Folmer Beheerder
37-PLANTAGE Pl. Jagtlust/ Rust en Werk
01-CODENR Qq/102
28-BEGIN_CON 1/7/1914 29-EIND_CON 1/7/1919
30-HERBEGIN 2/10/1919
31-HEREIND 2/10/1924
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET


MEMO-INFORMATIE
----------------------------------------------------------
Iftekarali Khan, Ismail Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 22
16-HUIDSKLEUR bruin
15-LENGTE 1.63
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Janhora
22-POLITIEPOST Kotwali
23-DORP Kotwali
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pattan
39-KINDGEGEVENS J

25-SCHIPNAAM SS. Mutlah
07-MONSTERNUMMER 272
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 5/12/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/23/1913

36-PLANTER H.M.D.Robertson(gemachtigde v/d erven R.Kirke, beheerder van
37-PLANTAGE Pl. Hazard
01-CODENR Pp/110
28-BEGIN_CON 6/23/1913
29-EIND_CON 6/23/1918
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE
----------------------------------------------------------
Din Mohamed, Nagiros Khan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 17
16-HUIDSKLEUR bijna zwart
15-LENGTE 1.65
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Lucknow
22-POLITIEPOST Mirjaganj
23-DORP Kewalhan
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pattan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM SS. Mutlah
07-MONSTERNUMMER 44
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 5/12/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/23/1913

36-PLANTER A. Schields Beheerder
37-PLANTAGE Pl. Alliance
01-CODENR Pp/257
28-BEGIN_CON 6/23/1913
29-EIND_CON 6/23/1918
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE Bij vonnis voor het Hof van Justitie dd. 27 Nov. 1915 ter zake van diefstal veroordeeld tot gevangenisstraf van 3 jaren. Afgekeurd bij besch. A.G. dd. 24 December 1915 No. 1164/V. C.v.O. dd. 29-11-18 No. 631. Vertrokken naar Calcutta op 5 maart 1920 per Ss Madioen.
----------------------------------------------------------
Kalo Bibi, Chandkhan
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT V
05-LEEFTIJD 30
16-HUIDSKLEUR bruin
15-LENGTE 1.44
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Dholpur
22-POLITIEPOST Dholpur
23-DORP Dholpur
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pattan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM SS. Mutlah
07-MONSTERNUMMER 216
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 5/12/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/23/1913

36-PLANTER M.Welle (Agent Sur.Cult.Mij. Dordrecht & Peperpot)
37-PLANTAGE Pl. Peperpot
01-CODENR Pp/513
28-BEGIN_CON 6/23/1913
29-EIND_CON 6/23/1918
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE C.v.O. 10-10-'16. Afgekeurd wegens lich. ongeschiktheid. Zie brief D.C. Ben. Comm. dd. 11/10/16 No. 1853. Gehuwd met Abdool 536/W op 29 jan. 1919 te Paramaribo (Ag. 19 No. 236/O). Premie ontvangen uit Imfds. Zie akte A.G. van 6-1-20. Besch. d.d 31-12-1920. Heeft toestemming van Abdool om naar Calcutta te vertrekken.
----------------------------------------------------------
Zizan, Mazid
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
-------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT V
05-LEEFTIJD 24
16-HUIDSKLEUR bruin
15-LENGTE 1.45
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Barelli
22-POLITIEPOST Bar
23-DORP Bar
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Pattan
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM SS. Mutlah
07-MONSTERNUMMER 409
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 5/12/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/23/1913

36-PLANTER H.M.D.Robertson(gemachtigde v/d erven R.Kirke, beheerder van
37-PLANTAGE Pl. Hazard
01-CODENR Pp/130
28-BEGIN_CON 6/23/1913
29-EIND_CON 6/23/1918
30-HERBEGIN
31-HEREIND
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS
38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE Kind: Jhuman, j, geb. 23 oct. 1914 op pl. Hazard (Ag. 1914 No. 2149/O). Jhuman overleden 5 nov. 1914 op pl. Hazard (Ag. 1914 No. 2328/O). Vertrokken naar Calcutta op 5 maart 1920 per Ss Madioen.
----------------------------------------------------------
Abdul Malik, Gulam Rasul
Relaties:* van ; van ; van
----------------------------------------------------------
04-GESLACHT M
05-LEEFTIJD 26
16-HUIDSKLEUR bruin
15-LENGTE 1.7
17-HERKENNINGSTEKEN litt.hoofd
20-NATIONALITEIT Brits Indie
21-DISTRICT Pichaur
22-POLITIEPOST Mardain
23-DORP Balagli
19-BEROEP
18-KASTE Mosalman
39-KINDGEGEVENS N

25-SCHIPNAAM Mutlah
07-MONSTERNUMMER 359
34-WERVINGSINSTANTIE het koloniaal gouvernement
24-AFREISPLAATS Calcutta
26-AFREISDATUM 5/12/1913
35-AANKOMSTPLAATS Paramaribo
27-AANKOMSTDATUM 6/23/1913

36-PLANTER M.Welle, Ged. der Sur.Cult. MJ Dorderecht en Perperpot
37-PLANTAGE PL. Peperpot
01-CODENR Pp/585
28-BEGIN_CON 6/23/1913
29-EIND_CON 6/23/1918
30-HERBEGIN 7/5/1918
31-HEREIND 1/5/1921
32-REBEGIN
33-REEIND
08-KLSTATUS 38-VERZET

MEMO-INFORMATIE Gerecontr. voor 212 jaar. Overleden 31 Dec. 1918 op Peperpot

(Ag'19 No

-------------------------------------------------------

CAN YOU ANSWER THIS QUESTION:

Why did many Muslim/Pathans left British India in 1916?

EXPLANATION OF DATA

01 Contractnumber The contract numbers are the official identification numbers of the immigrants

02 Name

03 Given name

04 Gender

05 Age

06 Immigration register This shows the number part referring to the year concerned and the numbers of the immigrants in the number concerned, for example: Aa/243 occurs in the Register referred to as Aa 1 - 616. This Register contains the records of the first 616 immigrants whose contract number is preceded by the letters Aa.

07 Sign-up number This was the number allocated to the immigrant in the muster-roll of the ship. This number consisted of an identification number allocated by the emigration officer in Calcutta. The sign-up number differed from the contract number, since the sequence of registration on arrival in Surinam/Guyana differed from the sequence of registration at the time of departure from India. The sign-up number is important for those who wish to search for data in the Indian archives. For this purpose one needs the sign-up number and the name of the ship (plus the year of sailing).

08 Did / did not stay, deceased These data were copied from the folders, which mentioned for each immigrant whether they had died or left. If there is no mention next to the name of the immigrant, this means that the immigrant was still alive at the time the folder was filled out.

09 -14 Family connection In the event that a contract worker was related to another contract worker, the nature of the relationship was recorded, as well as the contract number of the relative. The family connections that were recorded were: father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, cousin (m/f), and uncle.

15 Physical height The physical height was often indicated in millimetres.

16 Skin colour

17 Distinguishing features Scars or any other physical identification marks.

18 Religion or caste Initially, the section for Religion was filled out stating Hindu or Mohammedan/Muhammadan/Mussulman/Muslim/Moslem. Later on, one started to mention the caste in case of Hindus, instead of religion. In some cases the term shaik was filled in for Muslims, which is incorrect.

19 Profession Until 1882, the section for Profession was filled out stating either field or factory worker. Since then this section was left blank, probably because of the fact that all immigrants from British India were recruited for work in the fields or factories.

20 Country of birth Apart from immigrants born in British India, there were also immigrants who were born in Jamaica, Natal or Fiji.

21-23 District, Police Station, Village Last place of residence of the immigrant. For each immigrant there are three indications: the district (zilla), police station (thana), and village (gaun). In contracts dated before April 1, 1886, the term pergunnah (= pargana, part of a district) was recorded instead of thana (please refer to De Klerk, 1953, p. 86).

24 Place of departure This was Calcutta

Note to Readers:

This is the start of this sketchy research but with the massive media via the Internet it is my hope that Guyanese with Afghan links will share their history with me so that we can begin recording this fascinating history of our ancestors and share it with the future generations. Finding concrete proof of the Afghan connection to Guyana and Suriname was a major break through in my research. The great work of the Surinamese people and the Dutch Government has enabled me to make this breakthrough. Mr. S. Hussein a young man of Guyanese background, who himself have Pathan roots has helped me enormously in this endeavour.

You can contact me at:

Rchickrie@hotmail.com

 

Guyana and The Caribbean




Back

Back To Islam Awareness Homepage

Latest News about Islam and Muslims






Contact IslamAwareness@gmail.com for further information